Zinc bioavailability and nitrogen concentration in grains of wheat crop sprayed with zinc sulfate, ammonium sulfate, ammonium chloride, and urea

Ali Muhammad Khan, Shahid Hussain, Zed Rengel, Muhammad Adeel Aftab Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is still unclear if different sources of nitrogen (N) can variably influence grain accumulation of zinc (Zn), N, and phytate. We tested foliar treatments of 0 or 0.25% Zn as zinc sulfate in combination with 0 or 1% N as ammonium chloride, ammonium sulfate or urea sprayed on field-grown-wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) foliage at anthesis and 10 days later. Leaf burning caused by ammonium chloride significantly decreased grain yield. Grain N concentration was the highest in the urea +0.25% Zn treatment. Foliar N application influenced grain Zn concentration only if Zn was included in the spray. Grain phytate concentration was significantly decreased by both N and Zn sprays. Estimated Zn bioavailability in grains was the highest at 0.25% Zn and was not influenced by the N sources. Based on grain yield, grain N concentration, and Zn bioavailability in grains, foliar application of Zn + urea is an optimal strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1926-1936
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Plant Nutrition
Volume41
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sep 2018

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