Zanubrutinib for the treatment of patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia: 3 years of follow-up

Judith Trotman, Stephen Opat, David Gottlieb, David Simpson, Paula Marlton, Gavin Cull, Javier Munoz, Alessandra Tedeschi, Andrew W. Roberts, John F. Seymour, Siminder Kaur Atwal, Yiling Yu, William Novotny, Eric Holmgren, Ziwen Tan, James D. Hilger, Jane Huang, Constantine S. Tam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inhibitors of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) have established therapeutic activity in patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM). Zanubrutinib, a potent and selective BTK inhibitor, was evaluated in a phase 1/2 study in patients with WM who were either treatment-naïve (TN) or had relapsed/refractory (R/R) disease. Patients had disease requiring treatment per International Workshop on Waldenström Macroglobulinemia (IWWM) criteria. Treatment was 160 mg of oral zanubrutinib twice daily (n = 50) or 320 mg once daily (n = 23). Efficacy endpoints included overall response rate (ORR) and very good partial response/complete response (VGPR/CR) rates per IWWM-6 criteria (with modification of VGPR definition published previously). Between September 2014 and March 2018, 77 patients (24 TN and 53 R/R) began treatment. At a median follow-up of 36.0 months for patients with R/R disease and 23.5 months for TN, 72.7% remained on treatment. Reasons for treatment discontinuation included any adverse events in 13.0% of patients (1 treatment related), disease progression (10.4%), and other (3.9%). The ORR was 95.9%, and the VGPR/CR rate was 45.2%, which increased over time: 20.5% at 6 months, 32.9% at 12 months, and 43.8% at 24 months. Estimated 3-year progression-free survival rate was 80.5%, and overall survival rate was 84.8%. Adverse events of interest included contusion (32.5%, all grade 1), neutropenia (18.2%), major hemorrhage (3.9%), atrial fibrillation/flutter (5.2%), and grade 3 diarrhea (2.6%). Long-term treatment with single-agent zanubrutinib resulted in deep and durable responses in some patients with WM. The safety profile of long-term zanubrutinib therapy in these patients was acceptable. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT02343120.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2027-2037
Number of pages11
JournalBlood
Volume136
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Oct 2020

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