Yield stress and zeta potential of nanoparticulate silica dispersions under the influence of adsorbed hydrolysis products of metal ions - Cu(II), Al(III) and Th(IV)

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The effects of hydrolysable Cu2+, Al3+ and Th4+ ions on the zeta potential and yield stress behaviour of silica dispersions were evaluated as a function of pH and metal ions concentration. Silica dispersion remained dispersed at its point of zero charge (pzc) of pH ∼2.0 (CR1). Adsorbed hydrolysis products of Cu2+ and Al3+ caused the dispersion to display two further points of charge reversal (CR2 and CR3) at moderate ions concentration. CR2 occurred near the pH for the formation of the first hydrolysis product. This pH is about 2.8 for Al3+ and 5.0 for Cu2+. For all three metal ions, CR3 approached the pzc of the metal hydroxides at complete surface coverage. At CR3, the dispersions displayed a maximum yield stress. As many as three type of attractive forces; bridging, charged patch and van der Waals, may account for the maximum yield stress at low surface coverage. At complete coverage, only the van der Waals force is in play—the adsorbed hydrolysis products must have increased significantly the effective Hamaker constant of silica. With Al3+ the yield stress was absent at CR2 because particle bridging and charged patch attraction are unimportant as the silica surface charge is near zero. Adsorption of strongly hydrolysed Th4+ ions at pH <2.0 caused the dispersion to display only one pzc (CR3).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-566
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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