XEN Gel Stent to Treat ICE Syndrome: 4 Cases

Michael M. Lin, William H. Morgan, Natasha N. Kolomeyer, Stephen J. Moster, Cindy X. Zheng, Antonio Giubilato, Marlene R. Moster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Precis: This case series reports safe, effective implantation of XEN gel stents to treat iridocorneal endothelial (ICE) syndrome. The stents continue to function well and have not been occluded by membranes or peripheral anterior synechiae, but continued follow-up is necessary. Purpose: ICE syndrome-related glaucoma is often refractory to medical treatment, and traditional surgical treatment has lower success rates than typical for other types of glaucoma. We present a series of patients who were treated with XEN gel stent implantation. Patients and Methods: Retrospective case series of 4 patients with ICE syndrome who underwent XEN with subconjunctival mitomycin C injection. Results: Average preoperative intraocular pressure was 28.5 mm Hg on 3.8 glaucoma medications, and average postoperative intraocular pressure was 10.5 mm Hg on 1.0 medication. No patients required return to the operating room for additional procedures over an average of 6.9 months of follow-up. One patient had shallow anterior chamber that resolved with conservative management. Another had shallow anterior chamber that resolved with anterior chamber reformation with viscoelastic and developed nonappositional choroidal effusions that had resolved at most recent follow-up of 7 months after surgery. No XEN implants have been occluded by membrane formation or peripheral anterior synechiae. Conclusions: XEN is a safe and effective option for surgical management of ICE syndrome-related glaucoma. Further follow-up surveillance is necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1090-1094
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Glaucoma
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes


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