Working memory updating involves item-specific removal

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Abstract

The ability to keep working memory content up to date is vital for a number of higher cognitive functions such as navigation and reasoning, but it is also crucial for the effective operation of working memory itself. Removing outdated or irrelevant information allows focused processing of relevant information, and minimizes interference. We present evidence from three experiments that (1) people utilize an active removal process to update working memory, (2) that this removal process is an item-specific operation, and (3) that updating subsets of information held in working memory involves switching between maintenance and updating modes of working memory. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
JournalJournal of Memory and Language
Volume74
Early online date19 Apr 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

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Short-Term Memory
Data storage equipment
Aptitude
Automatic Data Processing
Cognition
interference
Navigation
Maintenance
Working Memory
experiment
ability
Processing
evidence
Experiments

Cite this

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abstract = "The ability to keep working memory content up to date is vital for a number of higher cognitive functions such as navigation and reasoning, but it is also crucial for the effective operation of working memory itself. Removing outdated or irrelevant information allows focused processing of relevant information, and minimizes interference. We present evidence from three experiments that (1) people utilize an active removal process to update working memory, (2) that this removal process is an item-specific operation, and (3) that updating subsets of information held in working memory involves switching between maintenance and updating modes of working memory. {\circledC} 2014 Elsevier Inc.",
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Working memory updating involves item-specific removal. / Ecker, Ullrich; Oberauer, K.; Lewandowsky, Stephan.

In: Journal of Memory and Language, Vol. 74, 07.2014, p. 1-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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