Women who win in Indonesia: The impact of age, experience, and list position

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Indonesian women make up more than half of the national population, yet their representation in the national parliament has been unsteady and low. This condition continues despite a series of electoral reforms, including the implementation of gender quotas and open-list proportional representation systems. By observing the demographic characteristics of over 6000 legislative candidates who participated in the 2014 general elections, this paper highlights how three groups, namely women, young people, and the outer-Java population, are heavily under-represented from the nomination stage. Furthermore, the elected female lawmakers still do not represent the vast majority of women in Indonesia, especially the different socioeconomic classes and political kinships. The findings derived from a multi-level approach suggest women's electability continues to be strongly associated with experience in political office, age, and list position on the ballot sheets. The trend shows younger women running as candidate #1 have a stronger viability in getting elected. The chance is also higher for those with existing political careers. The effects of voters' socioeconomic status on women's electability, however, offer no clear connection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-46
JournalWomen's Studies International Forum
Volume72
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Indonesia
experience
candidacy
political career
proportional representation
socioeconomic status
kinship
election
parliament
woman
social status
gender
viability
reform
trend
Group
young

Cite this

@article{2bb13f7e5d4548f4a1683a204cc78dc3,
title = "Women who win in Indonesia: The impact of age, experience, and list position",
abstract = "Indonesian women make up more than half of the national population, yet their representation in the national parliament has been unsteady and low. This condition continues despite a series of electoral reforms, including the implementation of gender quotas and open-list proportional representation systems. By observing the demographic characteristics of over 6000 legislative candidates who participated in the 2014 general elections, this paper highlights how three groups, namely women, young people, and the outer-Java population, are heavily under-represented from the nomination stage. Furthermore, the elected female lawmakers still do not represent the vast majority of women in Indonesia, especially the different socioeconomic classes and political kinships. The findings derived from a multi-level approach suggest women's electability continues to be strongly associated with experience in political office, age, and list position on the ballot sheets. The trend shows younger women running as candidate #1 have a stronger viability in getting elected. The chance is also higher for those with existing political careers. The effects of voters' socioeconomic status on women's electability, however, offer no clear connection.",
keywords = "Women, Indonesia, Parliament, Incumbency, List position",
author = "Prihatini, {Ella Syafputri}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.wsif.2018.10.003",
language = "English",
volume = "72",
pages = "40--46",
journal = "Women's Studies International Forum",
issn = "0277-5395",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Women who win in Indonesia: The impact of age, experience, and list position

AU - Prihatini, Ella Syafputri

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - Indonesian women make up more than half of the national population, yet their representation in the national parliament has been unsteady and low. This condition continues despite a series of electoral reforms, including the implementation of gender quotas and open-list proportional representation systems. By observing the demographic characteristics of over 6000 legislative candidates who participated in the 2014 general elections, this paper highlights how three groups, namely women, young people, and the outer-Java population, are heavily under-represented from the nomination stage. Furthermore, the elected female lawmakers still do not represent the vast majority of women in Indonesia, especially the different socioeconomic classes and political kinships. The findings derived from a multi-level approach suggest women's electability continues to be strongly associated with experience in political office, age, and list position on the ballot sheets. The trend shows younger women running as candidate #1 have a stronger viability in getting elected. The chance is also higher for those with existing political careers. The effects of voters' socioeconomic status on women's electability, however, offer no clear connection.

AB - Indonesian women make up more than half of the national population, yet their representation in the national parliament has been unsteady and low. This condition continues despite a series of electoral reforms, including the implementation of gender quotas and open-list proportional representation systems. By observing the demographic characteristics of over 6000 legislative candidates who participated in the 2014 general elections, this paper highlights how three groups, namely women, young people, and the outer-Java population, are heavily under-represented from the nomination stage. Furthermore, the elected female lawmakers still do not represent the vast majority of women in Indonesia, especially the different socioeconomic classes and political kinships. The findings derived from a multi-level approach suggest women's electability continues to be strongly associated with experience in political office, age, and list position on the ballot sheets. The trend shows younger women running as candidate #1 have a stronger viability in getting elected. The chance is also higher for those with existing political careers. The effects of voters' socioeconomic status on women's electability, however, offer no clear connection.

KW - Women

KW - Indonesia

KW - Parliament

KW - Incumbency

KW - List position

U2 - 10.1016/j.wsif.2018.10.003

DO - 10.1016/j.wsif.2018.10.003

M3 - Article

VL - 72

SP - 40

EP - 46

JO - Women's Studies International Forum

JF - Women's Studies International Forum

SN - 0277-5395

ER -