Wikis as tools for computer-supported collaborative learning and knowledge sharing in schools

Norhisham Mohamad Nordin

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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[Truncated abstract] This study explored the possibility of wikis to be used as tools for collaborative learning and knowledge sharing in schools. The social constructivist theory of Vygostsky was used as the foundation theory for the study. It was further extended to be used in conjunction with activity theory for the practical explanation of wikis use for collaborative learning. The classification of wikis as Computer-supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) enabled them to be considered using three common collaborative learning approaches, namely: inquiry-based learning, problem-based learning and project-based learning. The thesis addresses three main research questions to see: whether wikis can be used as a tool for collaborative learning and knowledge sharing in schools; what collaborative learning approaches suit wiki-based learning; and lastly, success factors for wikis implementation in schools. A study was conducted with Form Four secondary school (16 year old) students in Malaysia who were taking Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as their elective subject, and their teachers. The study compared results from two categories of school: Smart Schools (participants in government initiatives to integrate ICT in the school system and teaching and learning) and normal schools (ordinary schools with limited ICT infrastructure). Altogether, there were 11 participating schools from five states in Malaysia: six Smart Schools and five normal schools. The study adopted design-based research (DBR) methodology, which is a relatively new research approach in education. The DBR followed four iterative phases: design wikis learning activities beginning with an initial design study, re-design after interviews with teachers before the start of the study and two more iterations of re-designing wikis learning activities in the middle and last phases of the study.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Publication statusUnpublished - 2012


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