Where pseudo-hallucinations meet dissociation: a cluster analysis

Deborah Wearne, Guy J. Curtis, Amanda Genetti, Mathew Samuel, Justin Sebastian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The possible link between cognitive areas of perception and integration of consciousness was examined using assessments of hallucinations and derealisation/depersonalization. Methods: Sixty-five subjects in three main diagnostic groups – posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), borderline personality disorder (BPD) and schizophrenia – identified by their treating psychiatrist as hearing voices were surveyed regarding characteristics of hallucinations, derealisation/depersonalization, delusions and childhood/adult trauma. Results: A cluster analysis produced two clusters predominantly determined by variables of hallucinations measures, childhood sexual abuse and derealisation/depersonalization scores. Conclusions: History of childhood trauma and variability in derealisation/depersonalization scores were better predictors of external, negative, uncontrollable voices than diagnosis of BPD or PTSD. The potential links between dissociative states and pseudo-hallucinations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-368
Number of pages5
JournalAustralasian Psychiatry
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes

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