What is known about consumer nutrition environments in Australia? A scoping review of the literature

C. E. Pulker, L. E. Thornton, G. S. A. Trapp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective

Food environments can influence food selection and hold the potential to reduce obesity, non-communicable diseases and their inequalities. 'Consumer nutrition environments' describe what consumers encounter within a food retail outlet, including products, price, promotion and placement. This study aimed to summarize the attributes that have been examined in existing peer-reviewed studies of Australian consumer nutrition environments, identify knowledge gaps and provide recommendations for future research.

Methods

A systematic search of peer-reviewed literature was conducted. Sixty-six studies that assessed an aspect of within-store consumer nutrition environments were included.

Results

Most studies were published from 2011 onwards and were conducted in capital cities and in supermarkets. Studies assessed the domains of product (40/66), price (26/66), promotion (16/66) and placement (6/66). The most common research themes identified were assessment of the impact of area socioeconomic status (13/66), remoteness (9/66) and food outlet type (7/66) on healthy food prices; change in price of healthy foods (6/66); variety of healthy foods (5/66); and prevalence of unhealthy child-orientated products (5/66).

Conclusions

This scoping review identified a large number of knowledge gaps. Recommended priorities for researchers are as follows: (1) develop consistent observational methodology, (2) consider consumer nutrition environments in rural and remote communities, (3) develop an understanding of food service outlets, (4) build on existing evidence in all four domains of product, price, placement and promotion and (5) determine effective policy and store-based interventions to increase healthy food selection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-337
Number of pages20
JournalObesity Science & Practice
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

Cite this

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title = "What is known about consumer nutrition environments in Australia? A scoping review of the literature",
abstract = "ObjectiveFood environments can influence food selection and hold the potential to reduce obesity, non-communicable diseases and their inequalities. 'Consumer nutrition environments' describe what consumers encounter within a food retail outlet, including products, price, promotion and placement. This study aimed to summarize the attributes that have been examined in existing peer-reviewed studies of Australian consumer nutrition environments, identify knowledge gaps and provide recommendations for future research.MethodsA systematic search of peer-reviewed literature was conducted. Sixty-six studies that assessed an aspect of within-store consumer nutrition environments were included.ResultsMost studies were published from 2011 onwards and were conducted in capital cities and in supermarkets. Studies assessed the domains of product (40/66), price (26/66), promotion (16/66) and placement (6/66). The most common research themes identified were assessment of the impact of area socioeconomic status (13/66), remoteness (9/66) and food outlet type (7/66) on healthy food prices; change in price of healthy foods (6/66); variety of healthy foods (5/66); and prevalence of unhealthy child-orientated products (5/66).ConclusionsThis scoping review identified a large number of knowledge gaps. Recommended priorities for researchers are as follows: (1) develop consistent observational methodology, (2) consider consumer nutrition environments in rural and remote communities, (3) develop an understanding of food service outlets, (4) build on existing evidence in all four domains of product, price, placement and promotion and (5) determine effective policy and store-based interventions to increase healthy food selection.",
keywords = "Fast food, food environments, food retail, supermarkets, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, HEALTHY FOOD BASKET, SKILL-BUILDING STRATEGIES, NEW-SOUTH-WALES, SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES, INCREASING COST, PRICE DISCOUNTS, SODIUM CONTENT, PRIVATE-LABEL, SERVING SIZE",
author = "Pulker, {C. E.} and Thornton, {L. E.} and Trapp, {G. S. A.}",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1002/osp4.275",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "318--337",
journal = "Obesity Science & Practice",
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What is known about consumer nutrition environments in Australia? A scoping review of the literature. / Pulker, C. E.; Thornton, L. E.; Trapp, G. S. A.

In: Obesity Science & Practice, Vol. 4, No. 4, 08.2018, p. 318-337.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - What is known about consumer nutrition environments in Australia? A scoping review of the literature

AU - Pulker, C. E.

AU - Thornton, L. E.

AU - Trapp, G. S. A.

PY - 2018/8

Y1 - 2018/8

N2 - ObjectiveFood environments can influence food selection and hold the potential to reduce obesity, non-communicable diseases and their inequalities. 'Consumer nutrition environments' describe what consumers encounter within a food retail outlet, including products, price, promotion and placement. This study aimed to summarize the attributes that have been examined in existing peer-reviewed studies of Australian consumer nutrition environments, identify knowledge gaps and provide recommendations for future research.MethodsA systematic search of peer-reviewed literature was conducted. Sixty-six studies that assessed an aspect of within-store consumer nutrition environments were included.ResultsMost studies were published from 2011 onwards and were conducted in capital cities and in supermarkets. Studies assessed the domains of product (40/66), price (26/66), promotion (16/66) and placement (6/66). The most common research themes identified were assessment of the impact of area socioeconomic status (13/66), remoteness (9/66) and food outlet type (7/66) on healthy food prices; change in price of healthy foods (6/66); variety of healthy foods (5/66); and prevalence of unhealthy child-orientated products (5/66).ConclusionsThis scoping review identified a large number of knowledge gaps. Recommended priorities for researchers are as follows: (1) develop consistent observational methodology, (2) consider consumer nutrition environments in rural and remote communities, (3) develop an understanding of food service outlets, (4) build on existing evidence in all four domains of product, price, placement and promotion and (5) determine effective policy and store-based interventions to increase healthy food selection.

AB - ObjectiveFood environments can influence food selection and hold the potential to reduce obesity, non-communicable diseases and their inequalities. 'Consumer nutrition environments' describe what consumers encounter within a food retail outlet, including products, price, promotion and placement. This study aimed to summarize the attributes that have been examined in existing peer-reviewed studies of Australian consumer nutrition environments, identify knowledge gaps and provide recommendations for future research.MethodsA systematic search of peer-reviewed literature was conducted. Sixty-six studies that assessed an aspect of within-store consumer nutrition environments were included.ResultsMost studies were published from 2011 onwards and were conducted in capital cities and in supermarkets. Studies assessed the domains of product (40/66), price (26/66), promotion (16/66) and placement (6/66). The most common research themes identified were assessment of the impact of area socioeconomic status (13/66), remoteness (9/66) and food outlet type (7/66) on healthy food prices; change in price of healthy foods (6/66); variety of healthy foods (5/66); and prevalence of unhealthy child-orientated products (5/66).ConclusionsThis scoping review identified a large number of knowledge gaps. Recommended priorities for researchers are as follows: (1) develop consistent observational methodology, (2) consider consumer nutrition environments in rural and remote communities, (3) develop an understanding of food service outlets, (4) build on existing evidence in all four domains of product, price, placement and promotion and (5) determine effective policy and store-based interventions to increase healthy food selection.

KW - Fast food

KW - food environments

KW - food retail

KW - supermarkets

KW - RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL

KW - HEALTHY FOOD BASKET

KW - SKILL-BUILDING STRATEGIES

KW - NEW-SOUTH-WALES

KW - SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES

KW - INCREASING COST

KW - PRICE DISCOUNTS

KW - SODIUM CONTENT

KW - PRIVATE-LABEL

KW - SERVING SIZE

U2 - 10.1002/osp4.275

DO - 10.1002/osp4.275

M3 - Article

VL - 4

SP - 318

EP - 337

JO - Obesity Science & Practice

JF - Obesity Science & Practice

SN - 2055-2238

IS - 4

ER -