What bridges the gap between self-harm and suicidality? The role of forgiveness, resilience and attachment

G.S. Nagra, Ashleigh Lin, R. Upthegrove

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)
127 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

© 2016.
Self-harm is the most robust risk for completed suicide. There is a lack of understanding of why some people who self-harm escalate to suicidal behaviour when others do not. Psychological factors such as attachment, self-forgiveness and self-appraisal may be important. To determine whether factors from the Interpersonal Theory and Schematic Appraisals models are useful to identify suicidal behaviour in populations that self-harm. Specifically we investigate whether resilience factors of secure attachment, self-forgiveness and positive self-appraisals significantly influence suicidality in people who self-harm. A cross-sectional online study of 323 participants recruited from self-harm support forum. Validated self-report measures were used to assess appraisals, relationships, self-forgiveness, attachment style, suicidality and self-harm. Emotion coping and support seeking self-appraisals and self-forgiveness were negatively associated with suicidality in participants with a history of self-harm. Dismissing attachment was positively associated with suicidality. The perceived ability to cope with emotions, the perceived ability to gain support and self-forgiveness may protect against suicide in people who self-harm. Conversely the presence of dismissing attachment may increase the risk of suicidality. Findings provide therapeutic targets to reduce risk of suicidality in this high risk group.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-82
Number of pages5
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume241
Early online date30 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2016

Fingerprint

Forgiveness
Diagnostic Self Evaluation
Aptitude
Suicide
Emotions
Self Report
Cross-Sectional Studies
Psychology
Population

Cite this

@article{1f4a0409c04c4f9380d7259f6bf1ffea,
title = "What bridges the gap between self-harm and suicidality? The role of forgiveness, resilience and attachment",
abstract = "{\circledC} 2016. Self-harm is the most robust risk for completed suicide. There is a lack of understanding of why some people who self-harm escalate to suicidal behaviour when others do not. Psychological factors such as attachment, self-forgiveness and self-appraisal may be important. To determine whether factors from the Interpersonal Theory and Schematic Appraisals models are useful to identify suicidal behaviour in populations that self-harm. Specifically we investigate whether resilience factors of secure attachment, self-forgiveness and positive self-appraisals significantly influence suicidality in people who self-harm. A cross-sectional online study of 323 participants recruited from self-harm support forum. Validated self-report measures were used to assess appraisals, relationships, self-forgiveness, attachment style, suicidality and self-harm. Emotion coping and support seeking self-appraisals and self-forgiveness were negatively associated with suicidality in participants with a history of self-harm. Dismissing attachment was positively associated with suicidality. The perceived ability to cope with emotions, the perceived ability to gain support and self-forgiveness may protect against suicide in people who self-harm. Conversely the presence of dismissing attachment may increase the risk of suicidality. Findings provide therapeutic targets to reduce risk of suicidality in this high risk group.",
author = "G.S. Nagra and Ashleigh Lin and R. Upthegrove",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychres.2016.04.103",
language = "English",
volume = "241",
pages = "78--82",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

What bridges the gap between self-harm and suicidality? The role of forgiveness, resilience and attachment. / Nagra, G.S.; Lin, Ashleigh; Upthegrove, R.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 241, 30.07.2016, p. 78-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - What bridges the gap between self-harm and suicidality? The role of forgiveness, resilience and attachment

AU - Nagra, G.S.

AU - Lin, Ashleigh

AU - Upthegrove, R.

PY - 2016/7/30

Y1 - 2016/7/30

N2 - © 2016. Self-harm is the most robust risk for completed suicide. There is a lack of understanding of why some people who self-harm escalate to suicidal behaviour when others do not. Psychological factors such as attachment, self-forgiveness and self-appraisal may be important. To determine whether factors from the Interpersonal Theory and Schematic Appraisals models are useful to identify suicidal behaviour in populations that self-harm. Specifically we investigate whether resilience factors of secure attachment, self-forgiveness and positive self-appraisals significantly influence suicidality in people who self-harm. A cross-sectional online study of 323 participants recruited from self-harm support forum. Validated self-report measures were used to assess appraisals, relationships, self-forgiveness, attachment style, suicidality and self-harm. Emotion coping and support seeking self-appraisals and self-forgiveness were negatively associated with suicidality in participants with a history of self-harm. Dismissing attachment was positively associated with suicidality. The perceived ability to cope with emotions, the perceived ability to gain support and self-forgiveness may protect against suicide in people who self-harm. Conversely the presence of dismissing attachment may increase the risk of suicidality. Findings provide therapeutic targets to reduce risk of suicidality in this high risk group.

AB - © 2016. Self-harm is the most robust risk for completed suicide. There is a lack of understanding of why some people who self-harm escalate to suicidal behaviour when others do not. Psychological factors such as attachment, self-forgiveness and self-appraisal may be important. To determine whether factors from the Interpersonal Theory and Schematic Appraisals models are useful to identify suicidal behaviour in populations that self-harm. Specifically we investigate whether resilience factors of secure attachment, self-forgiveness and positive self-appraisals significantly influence suicidality in people who self-harm. A cross-sectional online study of 323 participants recruited from self-harm support forum. Validated self-report measures were used to assess appraisals, relationships, self-forgiveness, attachment style, suicidality and self-harm. Emotion coping and support seeking self-appraisals and self-forgiveness were negatively associated with suicidality in participants with a history of self-harm. Dismissing attachment was positively associated with suicidality. The perceived ability to cope with emotions, the perceived ability to gain support and self-forgiveness may protect against suicide in people who self-harm. Conversely the presence of dismissing attachment may increase the risk of suicidality. Findings provide therapeutic targets to reduce risk of suicidality in this high risk group.

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.04.103

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.04.103

M3 - Article

VL - 241

SP - 78

EP - 82

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

ER -