What are the Outcomes of Secondary Patella Resurfacing for Dissatisfaction Following Primary Knee Arthroplasty? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 604 Knees

Octavian Andronic, Vishwa Suravaram, Victor Lu, Simon J. Wall, Thomas A. Bucher, Gareth H. Prosser, Piers J. Yates, Christopher W. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Secondary patella resurfacing is often performed for dissatisfaction following primary knee arthroplasty where the native patella was retained. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate outcomes of secondary patella resurfacing. Methods: The systematic review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Studies reporting on patients who underwent secondary patella resurfacing after previous primary knee arthroplasty with retention of the native patella were considered eligible. The risk of bias was assessed using the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized studies tool. A random-effects model and the inverse-variance weighting method was used for meta-analysis. There were sixteen retrospective studies including 604 knees (594 patients) with a mean follow up of 42 months (range, 2 to 197). Results: An overall improvement in patient-reported outcomes (PROMs) was achieved in 53% of cases from pooled data available for 293 knees [95% Confidence Interval (CI) (0.44, 0.62), I2=68% - moderate heterogeneity]. The pooled proportion of patients satisfied with the procedure was 59% [95% CI (48, 68), I2 = 70% - moderate heterogeneity] in a sample size of 415. There was a minimal rate (2%) of complication incidence when performing secondary patella resurfacing and a pooled rate of revision surgery of 10%. Conclusions: An improvement in pain, satisfaction, and PROMs was achieved in slightly more than half of the patients following secondary patella resurfacing. However, studies lacked standardized objective selection criteria for the procedure and the available data was predominantly retrospective, with high heterogeneity and variation in outcome reporting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1093-1107.e1
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume39
Issue number4
Early online date21 Oct 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024
Externally publishedYes

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