To determine the prevalence of small lung nodules on low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) in a Western Australian cohort of asymptomatic long-term cigarette smokers and to compare this with a large, similarly derived cohort of North Americans from the Mayo Clinic Lung Cancer Screening Trial. Forty-nine asymptomatic long-term cigarette smokers of minimum age 50 years underwent a low-dose 64-slice helical CT of the lungs. Images were viewed on a soft copy reporting station with thin section axial and coronal images, maximum intensity projection images, and advanced image manipulation tools. The prevalence of all nodules was 39%, significantly lower than the Mayo Clinic cohort prevalence of 51% ( P <0.01, Fisher's exact test), despite the use of more advanced imaging technology and image manipulation designed to increase the sensitivity for nodules. The prevalence of small nodules in asymptomatic long-term cigarette smokers in Western Australia is high, though significantly less than that found in a large study in North America. The authors postulate this is due to the relatively low rates of mycobacterium tuberculosis and soil-derived fungal pulmonary infections in Western Australia, as well as a lower degree of urban air pollution.
|Journal||Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|