Wearing swimming goggles can elevate intraocular pressure

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31 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: To examine the acute effects of wearing swimming goggles upon intraocular pressure (IOP).Methods: This research consisted of a Pilot study and a Validation study. Holes were drilled into the faces of 13 different goggles to allow IOP measurement by applanation tonometry. IOP was measured before goggle wear, 2 min after goggle application, 20 min after goggle application and after goggle removal. The Pilot study (n = 15) was initially performed to investigate changes in IOP while wearing five different types of swimming goggles. Anatomical and goggle design parameters from the Pilot study were then used to generate a predictive model and design a Validation study (n = 20). The Validation study tested the predictive model, examined IOP changes using another eight goggles and clarified whether IOP changes were sustained for the duration of goggle wear.Results: IOP increased while wearing goggles by a mean pressure of 4.5 mm Hg (SD 3.7, p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1218-1221
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2008


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