This paper examines impact forces resulting from wave-in-deck processes from two separate series of experiments: one with a generic solid deck model, and the other with a combined jacket and deck model, both were conducted with and without an I-beam grillage in-place below the solid deck. A range of inundation levels from 2.1 to 7.1 cm at 1:80 scale is considered. The focus is on global impact forces, which are considered more relevant for integrity assessment of overall bottom-founded structures when survivability is in question and local slamming is not addressed. The objective is to characterise the resultant impact forces as well as to investigate whether there is any interaction between the flows through the jacket and hitting the deck. Focussed wave groups were generated to impinge on the models which were suspended from a carriage over a towing tank. The motion of the support carriage mimics uniform current in-line with the incident waves. Both undisturbed surface elevations as well as impact force time histories were measured. From the first series of tests, a large increase in peak forces as well as high frequency oscillations (force spikes) is observed with the grillage in-place. As soon as the jacket model is in-place for the second series of tests, albeit with a different mounting support arrangement, such a large difference vanishes, which could likely be due to the effect of frequency-dependent transfer functions. We provide experimental evidence of the presence of the jacket in modifying the wave impact on the deck through a significant reduction in the total horizontal impulse. The effects of current on the wave impact forces are also investigated. A simple analytical model based on a momentum argument is used to describe the scaling of horizontal peak force with currents and inundation levels. Finally, the importance of the short duration force spikes as well as vertical impact loads on a real structure at full-scale is discussed based on the same analytical model.
|Journal||Journal of Fluids and Structures|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2020|