WALL STABILIZATION IN MINES BY SPRAY-ON LINERS

D. P. Mason, N. D. Fowkes, R. M. Yemata, C. A. Onyeagoziri, H. Yilmaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Thin spray-on liners (TSLs) have been found to be effective for structurally supporting the walls of mining tunnels and thus reducing the occurrence of rock bursts, an effect primarily due to the penetration of cracks by the liner. Surface tension effects are thus important. However, TSLs are also used to simply stabilize rock surfaces, for example, to prevent rock fall, and in this context crack penetration is desirable but not necessary, and the tensile and shearing strength and adhesive properties of the liner determine its effectiveness. We examine the effectiveness of nonpenetrating TSLs in a global lined tunnel and in a local rock support context. In the tunnel context, we examine the effect of the liner on the stress distribution in a tunnel subjected to a geological or mining event. We show that the liner has little effect on stresses in the surrounding rock and that tensile stresses in the rock surface are transmitted across the liner, so that failure is likely to be due to liner rupture or detachment from the surface. In the local rock support context, loose rock movements are shown to be better achieved using a liner with small Young's modulus, but high rupture strength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-78
Number of pages24
JournalAnziam Journal
Volume65
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2023

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