Visual tracking behaviour of two-handed catching in boys with developmental coordination disorder

Melissa K. Licari, Jess E. Reynolds, Stephen Tidman, Silman Ndiaye, Sathiskumar Niana Sekaran, Siobhan L. Reid, Brendan S. Lay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a motor learning disability that affects coordination resulting in an inability to perform movement skills at an age appropriate level. One area suspected to contribute to the movement difficulties experienced are deficits in visuomotor control. Aims: This study investigated visual tracking behaviour during catching in children with DCD. Methods and procedures: Twenty-four boys completed the study: 11 with DCD (9.43 years ±0.73) and 13 controls (9.16 years ± 0.68). Participants performed 10 central catching trials, with the best five used to evaluate tracking behaviour and motor responses. Outcomes and results: Prior to ball release, the DCD group exhibited more fixations (p = 0.043) of lesser duration (p = 0.045). During flight, the DCD group took longer to initiate smooth pursuit (p = 0.003) however, once initiated, both groups were effectively able to maintain smooth pursuit. Despite initial delays, these had no impact on movement initiation time (p = 0.173), however, movement time was significantly slower in the DCD group (p = 0.031). Conclusions and implications: The results of this study demonstrate that catching performance in children with DCD likely reflect a combination of errors in attending to visual information and movement organisation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-286
Number of pages7
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume83
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

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Motor Skills Disorders
Smooth Pursuit
Learning Disorders

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title = "Visual tracking behaviour of two-handed catching in boys with developmental coordination disorder",
abstract = "Background: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a motor learning disability that affects coordination resulting in an inability to perform movement skills at an age appropriate level. One area suspected to contribute to the movement difficulties experienced are deficits in visuomotor control. Aims: This study investigated visual tracking behaviour during catching in children with DCD. Methods and procedures: Twenty-four boys completed the study: 11 with DCD (9.43 years ±0.73) and 13 controls (9.16 years ± 0.68). Participants performed 10 central catching trials, with the best five used to evaluate tracking behaviour and motor responses. Outcomes and results: Prior to ball release, the DCD group exhibited more fixations (p = 0.043) of lesser duration (p = 0.045). During flight, the DCD group took longer to initiate smooth pursuit (p = 0.003) however, once initiated, both groups were effectively able to maintain smooth pursuit. Despite initial delays, these had no impact on movement initiation time (p = 0.173), however, movement time was significantly slower in the DCD group (p = 0.031). Conclusions and implications: The results of this study demonstrate that catching performance in children with DCD likely reflect a combination of errors in attending to visual information and movement organisation.",
keywords = "Catching, Developmental coordination disorder, Visual tracking, Visuomotor control",
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Visual tracking behaviour of two-handed catching in boys with developmental coordination disorder. / Licari, Melissa K.; Reynolds, Jess E.; Tidman, Stephen; Ndiaye, Silman; Sekaran, Sathiskumar Niana; Reid, Siobhan L.; Lay, Brendan S.

In: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Vol. 83, 01.12.2018, p. 280-286.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Licari, Melissa K.

AU - Reynolds, Jess E.

AU - Tidman, Stephen

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AU - Sekaran, Sathiskumar Niana

AU - Reid, Siobhan L.

AU - Lay, Brendan S.

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