Visible light responsive titania photocatalysts codoped by nitrogen and metal (Fe, Ni, Ag, or Pt) for remediation of aqueous pollutants

Hongqi Sun, Guanliang Zhou, Shizhen Liu, Ha Ming Ang, Moses O. Tadé, Shaobin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Various cation and nitrogen doped and codoped TiO2 photocatalysts, such as N-TiO2, Pt-TiO2, N-Fe-TiO2, N-Ni-TiO2, N-Ag-TiO2 and N-Pt-TiO2, were prepared by an acid-catalysed sol-gel process. The photocatalysts were characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms, UV-visible diffuse reflectance absorption spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The activities of the photocatalysts were evaluated in photodegradation of phenol solutions under simulated sunlight irradiations. A negative effect of some transition metals (iron and nickel) on photocatalysis was observed on N-metal codoped TiO2, while enhancements in photocatalysis from noble metals (silver and platinum) were obtained. N-Pt codoped TiO2 showed a higher activity under UV-vis irradiations than Degussa P25, with an enhancement of 5.9times higher. The synergistic effect of N-Pt-codoping was ascribed to the multivalent states of platinum. In addition, photocatalytic activity of N-, Pt-doped and N-Pt-codoped materials were further investigated under visible light irradiations with λ>430nm and λ>490nm. This study therefore demonstrated a promising strategy for design of highly efficient photocatalysts for remediation of aqueous pollutants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-25
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume231
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013
Externally publishedYes

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