Viruses detected in Ullucus tuberosus (Basellaceae) from Peru and Bolivia

A. A. BRUNT, SUE PHILLIPS, R. A.C. JONES, R. H. KENTEN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Ullucus tuberosus (Basellaceae) plants from 12 locations in the Andean highlands of Peru and Bolivia contained complexes of either three or four viruses. Specimens from six sites in Peru contained a potexvirus, a tobamovirus, a potyvirus and a comovirus, but those from another location lacked the potexvirus. All samples from five sites in Bolivia lacked the tobamovirus. The potexvirus (PMV/U) is a strain of papaya mosaic virus differing slightly from the type strain (PMV/T) in inducing milder symptoms in some common hosts and failing to infect a few other species. It symptomlessly infected U. tuberosus, and infected 15 of 29 species from seven of nine other families. PMV/U showed a close serological relationship to PMV/T and to boussingaultia mosaic virus and a distant relationship to commelina virus X, but it is apparently unrelated to any of ten other potexviruses. The tobamovirus (TMV/U) induced symptomless or inconspicuous infection in U. tuberosus, and infected 21 of 30 species from six of eight other families. It showed a very distant serological relationship to some strains of ribgrass mosaic, tobacco mosaic and tomato mosaic viruses, but failed to react with antisera to cucumber green mottle mosaic, frangipani mosaic, odontoglossum ringspot and sunn‐hemp mosaic viruses. The potyvirus, tentatively designated ullucus mosaic virus (UMV), alone in U. tuberosus induced leaf symptoms indistinguishable from the chlorotic mottling and distortion found in naturally infected plants. UMV infected 12 of 20 species from four other families, and was transmitted in the non‐persistent manner by Myzus persicae. It showed a distant serological relationship to only two (bidens mottle and alstroemeria mosaic) of 25 members or possible members of the potyvirus group tested. Some hosts and properties of the comovirus are described in an accompanying paper. None of the four viruses infected potato (Solanum tuberosum) and, with the possible exception of UMV, they differed from viruses reported previously to infect three other vegetatively propagated Andean crops (Oxalis tuberosa, Arracacia xanthorrhiza and Tropaeolum tuberosum).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-71
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Volume101
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1982
Externally publishedYes

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