Enterococcus faecalis is associated with streptococcosis like infection in fish. A whole-genome sequence study was conducted to investigate the virulence factor and antibiotic-resistance genes in three fish pathogenic E. faecalis. Genomic DNA was extracted from three strains of E. faecalis isolated from streptococcosis infected Nile tilapia (strains BF1B1 and BFFF11) and Thai sarpunti (strain BFPS6). The whole genome sequences of these three strains were performed using a MiSeq sequencer (Illumina, Inc.). All three strains conserved 69 virulence factor such as genes associated with protection against oxidative stress, bacterial cell wall synthesis, gelatinase toxin, multiple biofilm-associated genes and capsule producing genes. Moreover, 39 antibiotic-resistance genes against sixteen major groups of antibiotics were identified in the genome sequences of all three strains. The most commonly used antibiotic Tetracycline resistance genes were found only in BFPS6 strain, whereas, Bacteriocin synthesis genes were identified in both BFFF11 and BFPS6 strain. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that strains BF1B1 and BFFF1 form a different cluster than BFPS6. This is one of the first whole-genome sequence study of fish pathogenic E. faecalis, unfold new information on the virulence factor and Antibiotic resistance genes linked to pathogenicity in fish.
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2023|