'Virtual anthropology' and radiographic imaging in the Forensic Medical Sciences

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    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Technological advancements in forensic imaging have had tremendous flow-on benefits to the professional practice of forensic anthropology, not only in respect of case-work analyses, but in facilitating empirical research that has validated and/or improved existing, and introduced novel, methods into the discipline. Some of the pioneering practical examples of radiographic imaging being applied in the forensic analysis of human skeletal remains date to the initial introduction of radiography in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Subsequent modern applications have developed concurrent to the use of computed tomography in the forensic morgue for autopsy procedures by pathologists; virtopsy (as it is now termed) represents a powerful non-invasive supplement/alternative to traditional autopsy practices where dissection may not be allowable due to religious objection (amongst other reasons). The present review considers a brief history of skeletal radiographic imaging and the specific modalities typically employed. Forensic applications of 'virtual anthropology' are then discussed, as are applications of the latter in DVI and other case-work scenarios. Throughout the review we emphasise the research importance of virtual modelling and conclude with some thoughts for future directions. © 2016 The International Association of Law and Forensic Sciences (IALFS).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)31-43
    Number of pages13
    JournalEgyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences
    Volume6
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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    Forensic Sciences
    casework
    Anthropology
    anthropology
    Autopsy
    Forensic Anthropology
    Empirical Research
    Professional Practice
    science
    Radiography
    supplement
    Dissection
    empirical research
    Tomography
    scenario
    Law
    history
    Research
    Body Remains
    Pathologists

    Cite this

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    title = "'Virtual anthropology' and radiographic imaging in the Forensic Medical Sciences",
    abstract = "Technological advancements in forensic imaging have had tremendous flow-on benefits to the professional practice of forensic anthropology, not only in respect of case-work analyses, but in facilitating empirical research that has validated and/or improved existing, and introduced novel, methods into the discipline. Some of the pioneering practical examples of radiographic imaging being applied in the forensic analysis of human skeletal remains date to the initial introduction of radiography in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Subsequent modern applications have developed concurrent to the use of computed tomography in the forensic morgue for autopsy procedures by pathologists; virtopsy (as it is now termed) represents a powerful non-invasive supplement/alternative to traditional autopsy practices where dissection may not be allowable due to religious objection (amongst other reasons). The present review considers a brief history of skeletal radiographic imaging and the specific modalities typically employed. Forensic applications of 'virtual anthropology' are then discussed, as are applications of the latter in DVI and other case-work scenarios. Throughout the review we emphasise the research importance of virtual modelling and conclude with some thoughts for future directions. {\circledC} 2016 The International Association of Law and Forensic Sciences (IALFS).",
    author = "Daniel Franklin and Swift, {Lauren J.} and Ambika Flavel",
    year = "2016",
    doi = "10.1016/j.ejfs.2016.05.011",
    language = "English",
    volume = "6",
    pages = "31--43",
    journal = "Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences",
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    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - 'Virtual anthropology' and radiographic imaging in the Forensic Medical Sciences

    AU - Franklin, Daniel

    AU - Swift, Lauren J.

    AU - Flavel, Ambika

    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - Technological advancements in forensic imaging have had tremendous flow-on benefits to the professional practice of forensic anthropology, not only in respect of case-work analyses, but in facilitating empirical research that has validated and/or improved existing, and introduced novel, methods into the discipline. Some of the pioneering practical examples of radiographic imaging being applied in the forensic analysis of human skeletal remains date to the initial introduction of radiography in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Subsequent modern applications have developed concurrent to the use of computed tomography in the forensic morgue for autopsy procedures by pathologists; virtopsy (as it is now termed) represents a powerful non-invasive supplement/alternative to traditional autopsy practices where dissection may not be allowable due to religious objection (amongst other reasons). The present review considers a brief history of skeletal radiographic imaging and the specific modalities typically employed. Forensic applications of 'virtual anthropology' are then discussed, as are applications of the latter in DVI and other case-work scenarios. Throughout the review we emphasise the research importance of virtual modelling and conclude with some thoughts for future directions. © 2016 The International Association of Law and Forensic Sciences (IALFS).

    AB - Technological advancements in forensic imaging have had tremendous flow-on benefits to the professional practice of forensic anthropology, not only in respect of case-work analyses, but in facilitating empirical research that has validated and/or improved existing, and introduced novel, methods into the discipline. Some of the pioneering practical examples of radiographic imaging being applied in the forensic analysis of human skeletal remains date to the initial introduction of radiography in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Subsequent modern applications have developed concurrent to the use of computed tomography in the forensic morgue for autopsy procedures by pathologists; virtopsy (as it is now termed) represents a powerful non-invasive supplement/alternative to traditional autopsy practices where dissection may not be allowable due to religious objection (amongst other reasons). The present review considers a brief history of skeletal radiographic imaging and the specific modalities typically employed. Forensic applications of 'virtual anthropology' are then discussed, as are applications of the latter in DVI and other case-work scenarios. Throughout the review we emphasise the research importance of virtual modelling and conclude with some thoughts for future directions. © 2016 The International Association of Law and Forensic Sciences (IALFS).

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    DO - 10.1016/j.ejfs.2016.05.011

    M3 - Review article

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