Vessel Pulse Amplitude Mapping in Eyes With Central and Hemi Retinal Venous Occlusion

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe vessel pulse amplitude characteristics in eyes with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), hemiretinal vein occlusion (HVO), normal eyes (N1 N1), and the unaffected contralateral eyes of CRVO and HVO eyes (N1 CRVO and N1 HVO), as well as the unaffected hemivessels of HVO eyes (N2 HVO). Methods: Ophthalmodynamometry estimates of blood column pulse amplitudes with modified photoplethysmography were timed against cardiac cycles. Harmonic analysis was performed on the vessel reflectance within 0.25 to 1 mm from the disc center to construct pulse amplitude maps. Linear mixed modeling was used to examine variable effects upon the log harmonic pulse amplitude. Results: One hundred seven eyes were examined. Normal eyes had the highest mean venous pulse amplitude (2.08 ± 0.48 log u). CRVO had the lowest (0.99 ± 0.45 log u, P < 0.0001), followed by HVO (1.23 ± 0.46 log u, P = 0.0002) and N2 HVO (1.30 ± 0.59 log u, P = 0.0005). N1 CRVO (1.76 ± 0.34 log u, P = 0.52) and N1 HVO (1.33 ± 0.37 log u, P = 0.0101) had no significantly different mean amplitudes compared to N1 N1. Arterial amplitudes were lower than venous (P < 0.01) and reduced with venous occlusion (P < 0.01). Pulse amplitude versus amplitude over distance decreased along the N1 N1 vessels, with increasing slopes observed with CRVO (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Pulse amplitude reduction and attenuation characteristics of arteries and veins in venous occlusion can be measured and are consistent with reduced vessel wall compliance and pulse wave transmission. Translational Relevance: Retinal vascular pulse amplitudes can be measured, revealing occlusion induced changes, suggesting a role in evaluating the severity and progression of venous occlusion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number26
JournalTranslational Vision Science and Technology
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

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