Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas and soil salinity

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

180 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review discusses the growth and activity of vesicular-arbuscular (VA) mycorrhizal fungi in saline conditions. The review includes examination of the effects of high concentrations of salts on the occurrence of VA mycorrhizal fungi in field soils, and on spore germination, growth of hyphae, establishment of the symbiosis and production of spores in controlled conditions. Information on the growth and reproduction of VA mycorrhizal fungi under saline conditions is scarce and is often circumstantial. There is clear evidence that germination of spores and subsequent hyphal growth of some VA mycorrhizal fungi are reduced by increasing concentration of salts. However, in plant growth experiments, experimental designs and methodologies have generally not allowed the direct effects of salinity on fungal growth to be separated from plant-mediated effects. There is a need for controlled studies to investigate the responses of VA mycorrhizal fungi to soil salinity. Research is required which distinguishes between effects on different phases of the fungus lifecycle and which includes in its design the ability to separate direct effects from plant-mediated influences on fungal growth and reproduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-57
Number of pages13
JournalMycorrhiza
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1993

Fingerprint

vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae
Salinity
soil salinity
mycorrhizal fungi
Soil
Fungi
fungus
Growth
spore germination
Spores
salt concentration
spore
microbial growth
Germination
Reproduction
germination
Salts
salt
hyphae
symbiosis

Cite this

@article{59fb6a6180cb49f88e48a84a9d7ec9c2,
title = "Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas and soil salinity",
abstract = "This review discusses the growth and activity of vesicular-arbuscular (VA) mycorrhizal fungi in saline conditions. The review includes examination of the effects of high concentrations of salts on the occurrence of VA mycorrhizal fungi in field soils, and on spore germination, growth of hyphae, establishment of the symbiosis and production of spores in controlled conditions. Information on the growth and reproduction of VA mycorrhizal fungi under saline conditions is scarce and is often circumstantial. There is clear evidence that germination of spores and subsequent hyphal growth of some VA mycorrhizal fungi are reduced by increasing concentration of salts. However, in plant growth experiments, experimental designs and methodologies have generally not allowed the direct effects of salinity on fungal growth to be separated from plant-mediated effects. There is a need for controlled studies to investigate the responses of VA mycorrhizal fungi to soil salinity. Research is required which distinguishes between effects on different phases of the fungus lifecycle and which includes in its design the ability to separate direct effects from plant-mediated influences on fungal growth and reproduction.",
keywords = "Arbuscular, Mycorrhiza, Salinity",
author = "S. Juniper and L. Abbott",
year = "1993",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1007/BF00204058",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "45--57",
journal = "Mycorrhiza",
issn = "0940-6360",
publisher = "Springer-Verlag London Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas and soil salinity. / Juniper, S.; Abbott, L.

In: Mycorrhiza, Vol. 4, No. 2, 12.1993, p. 45-57.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas and soil salinity

AU - Juniper, S.

AU - Abbott, L.

PY - 1993/12

Y1 - 1993/12

N2 - This review discusses the growth and activity of vesicular-arbuscular (VA) mycorrhizal fungi in saline conditions. The review includes examination of the effects of high concentrations of salts on the occurrence of VA mycorrhizal fungi in field soils, and on spore germination, growth of hyphae, establishment of the symbiosis and production of spores in controlled conditions. Information on the growth and reproduction of VA mycorrhizal fungi under saline conditions is scarce and is often circumstantial. There is clear evidence that germination of spores and subsequent hyphal growth of some VA mycorrhizal fungi are reduced by increasing concentration of salts. However, in plant growth experiments, experimental designs and methodologies have generally not allowed the direct effects of salinity on fungal growth to be separated from plant-mediated effects. There is a need for controlled studies to investigate the responses of VA mycorrhizal fungi to soil salinity. Research is required which distinguishes between effects on different phases of the fungus lifecycle and which includes in its design the ability to separate direct effects from plant-mediated influences on fungal growth and reproduction.

AB - This review discusses the growth and activity of vesicular-arbuscular (VA) mycorrhizal fungi in saline conditions. The review includes examination of the effects of high concentrations of salts on the occurrence of VA mycorrhizal fungi in field soils, and on spore germination, growth of hyphae, establishment of the symbiosis and production of spores in controlled conditions. Information on the growth and reproduction of VA mycorrhizal fungi under saline conditions is scarce and is often circumstantial. There is clear evidence that germination of spores and subsequent hyphal growth of some VA mycorrhizal fungi are reduced by increasing concentration of salts. However, in plant growth experiments, experimental designs and methodologies have generally not allowed the direct effects of salinity on fungal growth to be separated from plant-mediated effects. There is a need for controlled studies to investigate the responses of VA mycorrhizal fungi to soil salinity. Research is required which distinguishes between effects on different phases of the fungus lifecycle and which includes in its design the ability to separate direct effects from plant-mediated influences on fungal growth and reproduction.

KW - Arbuscular

KW - Mycorrhiza

KW - Salinity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027329733&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF00204058

DO - 10.1007/BF00204058

M3 - Review article

VL - 4

SP - 45

EP - 57

JO - Mycorrhiza

JF - Mycorrhiza

SN - 0940-6360

IS - 2

ER -