Verification of the astrometric performance of the Korean VLBI network, using comparative SFPR studies with the VLBA at 14/7 mm

Maria Rioja, Richard Dodson, T. Jung, B. Sohn, D. Byun, I. Agudo, S. Cho, S. Lee, J. Kim, K. Kim, C. Oh, S. Han, D. Je, M. Chung, S. Wi, J. Kang, J. Lee, H. Chung, H. Kim, C. LeeD. Roh, S. Oh, J. Yeom, M. Song, Y. Kang

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    34 Citations (Scopus)


    © 2014. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. The Korean VLBI Network (KVN) is a new millimeter VLBI dedicated array with the capability to simultaneously observe at multiple frequencies, up to 129 GHz. The innovative multi-channel receivers present significant benefits for astrometric measurements in the frequency domain. The aim of this work is to verify the astrometric performance of the KVN using a comparative study with the VLBA, a well-established instrument. For that purpose, we carried out nearly contemporaneous observations with the KVN and the VLBA, at 14/7 mm, in 2013 April. The KVN observations consisted of simultaneous dual frequency observations, while the VLBA used fast frequency switching observations. We used the Source Frequency Phase Referencing technique for the observational and analysis strategy. We find that having simultaneous observations results in superior compensation for all atmospheric terms in the observables, in addition to offering other significant benefits for astrometric analysis. We have compared the KVN astrometry measurements to those from the VLBA. We find that the structure blending effects introduce dominant systematic astrometric shifts, and these need to be taken into account. We have tested multiple analytical routes to characterize the impact of the low-resolution effects for extended sources in the astrometric measurements. The results from the analysis of the KVN and full VLBA data sets agree within 2σ of the thermal error estimate. We interpret the discrepancy as arising from the different resolutions. We find that the KVN provides astrometric results with excellent agreement, within 1σ, when compared to a VLBA configuration that has a similar resolution. Therefore, this comparative study verifies the astrometric performance of the KVN using SFPR at 14/7 mm, and validates the KVN as an astrometric instrument.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)84 (15 pages)
    JournalAstronomical Journal
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


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