A wide range of vascular disorders can affect the spleen. Although clinical presentation is often nonspecific, early diagnosis and treatment are mandatory in most conditions. Noninvasive imaging techniques are well suited to meet these objectives. Familiarity with normal macroscopic and microscopic vascular anatomy is a prerequisite to understand the pathophysiology of vascular disorders of the spleen. This article deals with diseases of the splenic vasculature (aneurysms, arteriovenous fistula, splenic vein thrombosis, collateral circulation in portal hypertension) as well as vascular disorders affecting the splenic parenchyma (splenic infarct, Gamna-Gandy bodies). Primary vascular tumors and tumor-like conditions of the spleen will be discussed very briefly.