TY - JOUR

T1 - Variational methods for non-local operators of elliptic type

AU - Servadei, Raffaella

AU - Valdinoci, Enrico

PY - 2013/5/1

Y1 - 2013/5/1

N2 - In this paper we study the existence of non-trivial solutions for equations driven by a non-local integrodifferential operator LK with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions. More precisely, we consider the problem {LKu + λu + f(x, u) = 0 in Ω u = 0 in ℝn\Ω, where λ is a real parameter and the nonlinear term f satisfies superlinear and subcritical growth conditions at zero and at infinity. This equation has a variational nature, and so its solutions can be found as critical points of the energy functional Jλ associated to the problem. Here we get such critical points using both the Mountain Pass Theorem and the Linking Theorem, respectively when λ < λ1 and λ ≥ λ1, where λ1 denotes the first eigenvalue of the operator-LK. As a particular case, we derive an existence theorem for the following equation driven by the fractional Laplacian {(-δ)su - λu = f(x, u) in Ω u = 0 in ℝn\Ω. Thus, the results presented here may be seen as the extension of some classical nonlinear analysis theorems to the case of fractional operators.

AB - In this paper we study the existence of non-trivial solutions for equations driven by a non-local integrodifferential operator LK with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions. More precisely, we consider the problem {LKu + λu + f(x, u) = 0 in Ω u = 0 in ℝn\Ω, where λ is a real parameter and the nonlinear term f satisfies superlinear and subcritical growth conditions at zero and at infinity. This equation has a variational nature, and so its solutions can be found as critical points of the energy functional Jλ associated to the problem. Here we get such critical points using both the Mountain Pass Theorem and the Linking Theorem, respectively when λ < λ1 and λ ≥ λ1, where λ1 denotes the first eigenvalue of the operator-LK. As a particular case, we derive an existence theorem for the following equation driven by the fractional Laplacian {(-δ)su - λu = f(x, u) in Ω u = 0 in ℝn\Ω. Thus, the results presented here may be seen as the extension of some classical nonlinear analysis theorems to the case of fractional operators.

KW - Fractional Laplacian

KW - Integrodifferential operators

KW - Linking Theorem

KW - Mountain Pass Theorem

KW - Variational techniques

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872157074&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3934/dcds.2013.33.2105

DO - 10.3934/dcds.2013.33.2105

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84872157074

VL - 33

SP - 2105

EP - 2137

JO - DISCRETE & CONTINUOUS DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS. SERIES A

JF - DISCRETE & CONTINUOUS DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS. SERIES A

SN - 1078-0947

IS - 5

ER -