Variation of tow force with velocity during offshore ploughing in granular materials

Keith Duncan Lauder, Michael John Brown, Mark Fraser Bransby, Scott Gooding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)


Pipeline plough behaviour has been investigated by means of reduced scale physical model testing. A testing programme was devised to investigate the influence of permeability, relative density, and plough depth on the associated tow force measured during ploughing over a range of velocities in saturated granular material. An increase in tow force with velocity was found during all of the tests and the results have been compared to previously developed analytical models. A new empirical equation has been developed to describe the change in tow force with velocity for a variety of model siliceous sand conditions. Application of this new approach to full-scale ploughing requires consideration of scaling effects and the use of appropriate input parameters determined to replicate field conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1244-1255
Number of pages12
JournalCanadian Geotechnical Journal
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

Cite this