Variability in Capillary Perfusion Is Increased in Regions of Retinal Ischemia Due to Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion

Martin Hein, Andrew Mehnert, K. Bailey Freund, Dao Yi Yu, Chandrakumar Balaratnasingam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate alterations in macular perfusion variability due to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) using a novel approach based on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) coefficient of variation (CoV) analysis. Methods: Thirteen eyes of 13 patients with macular ischemia due to BRVO were studied. Multiple consecutive en face OCTA images were acquired. Bias field correction, spatial alignment, and normalization of intensities across the images were performed followed by pixelwise computation of standard deviation divided by the mean to generate a CoV map. Region of interest-based CoV values, derived from this map, for arterioles, venules, and the microvasculature were compared between regions with macular ischemia and control areas of the same eye. Control areas were regions of the same macula that were not affected by the BRVO and had normal retinal vascular structure as seen on multimodal imaging and normal retinal vascular density measurements as quantified using OCTA. Results: CoV increased by a mean value of 17.6% within the microvasculature of ischemic regions compared to the control microvasculature (P < 0.0001). CoV measurements of microvasculature were consistently greater in the ischemic area of all 13 eyes compared to control. There were no differences in CoV measurements between ischemic and control areas for arterioles (P = 0.13) and venules (P = 1.0). Conclusions: Greater variability in microvasculature perfusion occurs at sites of macular ischemia due to BRVO. We report a novel way for quantifying macular perfusion variability using OCTA. This technique may have applicability for studying the pathophysiology of other retinal vascular diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2792939
Pages (from-to)30
Number of pages1
JournalInvestigative ophthalmology & visual science
Volume64
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2023

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