Validating the Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM) in obstetric and gynaecologic resuscitation teams

Joseph A. Carpini, Katrina Calvert, Sean Carter, Mathias Epee-Bekima, Yee Leung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Simulation-based training is an effective method of enhancing the knowledge, skill, and technical abilities of individuals and teams encountering obstetric and gynaecologic emergencies. Simulation may also enhance the non-technical performance of teams resulting in improved patient outcomes. Although simulation-based training is widely recognised as an effective educational approach, issues around feasibility – the lack of simulation experts and malleable outcome measures of team performance – remain critical barriers to their implementation. Aim: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM) when used by medical professionals in simulated obstetric and gynaecological emergencies. Methods: There were 151 participants (63% female; 60% consultants; 69% no previous simulation-based training) who observed three live high-fidelity obstetric and gynaecological resuscitation simulations and completed the TEAM. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis evaluated the construct validity of the TEAM, yielding a second-order structure identified by ‘leadership’, ‘teamwork’, and ‘team management’. Convergent validity was supported by the average item-to-scale total correlation which was 0.75, P < 0.001 and the average analysis of variance extracted (AVE) 0.88. The individual factors also yielded high factor-to-scale total correlations (mean [M] = 0.87), and AVE (M = 0.89). The internal reliability was high for the whole scale (average alpha = 0.92) and across the sub-factors (average alpha = 0.80). The inter-rater reliability was excellent (inter-class correlation coefficient 1 = 0.98). Participants with differing levels of simulation training experience did not significantly differ. Conclusion: The TEAM is a viable instrument for the assessment of non-technical performance during simulated obstetric and gynaecologic emergencies, thus enhancing the feasibility of simulation-based training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)855-861
Number of pages7
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


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