Using regulatory pluralism to achieve effective control of Somali piracy: a model for other piracy- prone regions

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapterpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Emeritus Professor Peter Grabosky’s contribution to regulatory control applies in countless criminal spaces, including – as this chapter will show – maritime piracy. Regulatory pluralism provides a mechanism for countering criminal activity by bringing together a patchwork of government, nongovernment and private actors despite potentially differing end goals and perceived benefits. Control of Somali piracy achieved through regulatory pluralism represents a rare example of effective international cooperation. This chapter demonstrates regulatory pluralism in action, and critically examines how such frameworks led to Somali piracy control. Moreover, it uses this knowledge to show how this counter-piracy model is transferrable to other regions. Lastly, it reaffirms the need for a locally sustainable model, strengthened by the international community to prevent a resurgence, like that emerging since late 2016. The next section of this chapter provides an explanation of maritime piracy. It provides a conceptual understanding of the nature and extent of piracy across time and space. The purpose of this explanation is to provide a point of comparison, acknowledging that traditional piracy occurs in some regions, unlike that occurring around the Somalia region. It also usefully reviews historical responses to piracy as a point of reflection to modern responses. The section after gives a broad explanation of regulatory pluralism. It explains how it applies in controlling maritime piracy, and more specifically Somali piracy. The fourth section reviews specific cooperative regulatory efforts that collectively led to the disruption of Somali piracy. It draws on the leading actors within the counter-piracy response and discusses how these actors unified to create a stronghold against further proliferation of Somali piracy during its peak. This chapter concludes by discussing the non-strategic departure of controllers and its weakening effect on the fabric of the framework, enabling crime to continue. Finally, it determines that the success in the regulatory pluralism paradigm used to counter Somali piracy is transferrable to other high-risk regions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCriminal Justice and Regulation Revisited
Subtitle of host publicationEssays in Honour of Peter Grabosky
EditorsLennon Y.C. Chang , Russell Brewer
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9781351702645
ISBN (Print)9781315174044
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2018

Publication series

NameRoutledge Frontiers of Criminal Justice


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