Using logic models to enhance the methodological quantity of primary health-care interventions: Guidance from an intervention to promote nutrition care by general practitioners and practice nurses

Lauren Ball, DIanne Ball, Michael Leveritt, Sumantra Ray, Clare Collins, Elizabeth Patterson, Gina Ambrosini, Patricia Lee, Wendy Chaboyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


The methodological designs underpinning many primary health-care interventions are not rigorous. Logic models can be used to support intervention planning, implementation and evaluation in the primary health-care setting. Logic models provide a systematic and visual way of facilitating shared understanding of the rationale for the intervention, the planned activities, expected outcomes, evaluation strategy and required resources. This article provides guidance for primary health-care practitioners and researchers on the use of logic models for enhancing methodological rigour of interventions. The article outlines the recommended steps in developing a logic model using the 'NutriCare' intervention as an example. The 'NutriCare' intervention is based in the Australian primary health-care setting and promotes nutrition care by general practitioners and practice nurses. The recommended approach involves canvassing the views of all stakeholders who have valuable and informed opinions about the planned project. The following four targeted, iterative steps are recommended: (1) confirm situation, intervention aim and target population; (2) document expected outcomes and outputs of the intervention; (3) identify and describe assumptions, external factors and inputs; and (4) confirm intervention components. Over a period of 2 months, three primary health-care researchers and one health-services consultant led the collaborative development of the 'NutriCare' logic model. Primary health-care practitioners and researchers are encouraged to develop a logic model when planning interventions to maximise the methodological rigour of studies, confirm that data required to answer the question are captured and ensure that the intervention meets the project goals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e1-8
Number of pages8
JournalAustralian Journal of Primary Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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