Using growing self-organising maps to improve the binning process in environmental whole-genome shotgun sequencing

Chon-Kit Kenneth Chan, Arthur L. Hsu, Sen-Lin Tang, Saman K. Halgamuge

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Metagenomic projects using whole-genome shotgun (WGS) sequencing produces many unassembled DNA sequences and small contigs. The step of clustering these sequences, based on biological and molecular features, is called binning. A reported strategy for binning that combines oligonucleotide frequency and self-organising maps (SOM) shows high potential. We improve this strategy by identifying suitable training features, implementing a better clustering algorithm, and defining quantitative measures for assessing results. We investigated the suitability of each of di-, tri-, tetra-, and pentanucleotide frequencies. The results show that dinucleotide frequency is not a sufficiently strong signature for binning 10 kb long DNA sequences, compared to the other three. Furthermore, we observed that increased order of oligonucleotide frequency may deteriorate the assignment result in some cases, which indicates the possible existence of optimal species-specific oligonucleotide frequency. We replaced SOM with growing self-organising map (GSOM) where comparable results are obtained while gaining 7%-15% speed improvement. Copyright (c) 2008.

Original languageEnglish
Article number513701
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

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