Use of NanoSIMS in the search for early life on Earth: ambient inclusion trails in a c.3400 Ma sandstone

David Wacey, Matt Kilburn, N. Mcloughlin, J. Parnell, C.A. Stoakes, C.R.M. Grovenor, M.D. Brasier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ambient inclusion trails (AIT) are enigmatic microtubular structures created by the migration of mineral crystals through a lithified substrate. The decomposition of organic material has been suggested as the driving force for the crystal migration, but has yet to be rigorously tested. AIT may hold potential as a biosignature for investigating early life on Earth if the associated organic material can be shown to be biological. This paper attempts to test the formation mechanism and biogenicity of AIT from the c. 3400 Ma Strelley Pool sandstone of Western Australia using NanoSIMS technology. In doing so, we demonstrate the unique ability of the NanoSIMS to combine sub-micron scale imaging with in situ chemical and isotopic data, thereby enhancing our ability to evaluate the biogenicity criteria for Archaean microstructures. Enrichments of a suite of major elements (C, N, P, S) and trace elements (Co, Fe, Ni, Zn), often associated with biological processes, are found within several AIT in this sandstone. C and N enrichments are most common along AIT margins, and correlate with depletions of Si, O, Ca and Mg, indicating that this material is indeed organic in nature. δ^sup 13^C values of this carbonaceous material average -26[per thousand]. Petrographic observations show that some of the AIT occur in the centre of detrital sandstone grains where they were sealed from later fluid flow and therefore preserve primary Archaean (bio)geochemistry. In contrast, AIT found around the outer edges of sandstone grains may contain more recent organic material introduced by later fluid migration and are an unreliable biosignature. Using the petrographic and geochemical data a multi-stage model for AIT formation and subsequent diagenetic modification is proposed. The possible sources of the primary organic material are discussed and we conclude that the data are consistent with a biological origin for these AIT. An abiogenic origin is more difficult to sustain but cannot yet be completely excluded for AIT in general.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-53
JournalJournal of the Geological Society
Volume165
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Fingerprint

sandstone
Archean
crystal
formation mechanism
biogeochemistry
biological processes
fluid flow
material
microstructure
trace element
decomposition
substrate
fluid
mineral

Cite this

Wacey, David ; Kilburn, Matt ; Mcloughlin, N. ; Parnell, J. ; Stoakes, C.A. ; Grovenor, C.R.M. ; Brasier, M.D. / Use of NanoSIMS in the search for early life on Earth: ambient inclusion trails in a c.3400 Ma sandstone. In: Journal of the Geological Society. 2008 ; Vol. 165, No. 1. pp. 43-53.
@article{28f7ca4c43bb4225b63463e162940c46,
title = "Use of NanoSIMS in the search for early life on Earth: ambient inclusion trails in a c.3400 Ma sandstone",
abstract = "Ambient inclusion trails (AIT) are enigmatic microtubular structures created by the migration of mineral crystals through a lithified substrate. The decomposition of organic material has been suggested as the driving force for the crystal migration, but has yet to be rigorously tested. AIT may hold potential as a biosignature for investigating early life on Earth if the associated organic material can be shown to be biological. This paper attempts to test the formation mechanism and biogenicity of AIT from the c. 3400 Ma Strelley Pool sandstone of Western Australia using NanoSIMS technology. In doing so, we demonstrate the unique ability of the NanoSIMS to combine sub-micron scale imaging with in situ chemical and isotopic data, thereby enhancing our ability to evaluate the biogenicity criteria for Archaean microstructures. Enrichments of a suite of major elements (C, N, P, S) and trace elements (Co, Fe, Ni, Zn), often associated with biological processes, are found within several AIT in this sandstone. C and N enrichments are most common along AIT margins, and correlate with depletions of Si, O, Ca and Mg, indicating that this material is indeed organic in nature. {\^I}´^sup 13^C values of this carbonaceous material average -26[per thousand]. Petrographic observations show that some of the AIT occur in the centre of detrital sandstone grains where they were sealed from later fluid flow and therefore preserve primary Archaean (bio)geochemistry. In contrast, AIT found around the outer edges of sandstone grains may contain more recent organic material introduced by later fluid migration and are an unreliable biosignature. Using the petrographic and geochemical data a multi-stage model for AIT formation and subsequent diagenetic modification is proposed. The possible sources of the primary organic material are discussed and we conclude that the data are consistent with a biological origin for these AIT. An abiogenic origin is more difficult to sustain but cannot yet be completely excluded for AIT in general.",
author = "David Wacey and Matt Kilburn and N. Mcloughlin and J. Parnell and C.A. Stoakes and C.R.M. Grovenor and M.D. Brasier",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1144/0016-76492007-032",
language = "English",
volume = "165",
pages = "43--53",
journal = "Journal of the Geological Society, London",
issn = "0016-7649",
publisher = "Geological Society of London",
number = "1",

}

Use of NanoSIMS in the search for early life on Earth: ambient inclusion trails in a c.3400 Ma sandstone. / Wacey, David; Kilburn, Matt; Mcloughlin, N.; Parnell, J.; Stoakes, C.A.; Grovenor, C.R.M.; Brasier, M.D.

In: Journal of the Geological Society, Vol. 165, No. 1, 2008, p. 43-53.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Use of NanoSIMS in the search for early life on Earth: ambient inclusion trails in a c.3400 Ma sandstone

AU - Wacey, David

AU - Kilburn, Matt

AU - Mcloughlin, N.

AU - Parnell, J.

AU - Stoakes, C.A.

AU - Grovenor, C.R.M.

AU - Brasier, M.D.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Ambient inclusion trails (AIT) are enigmatic microtubular structures created by the migration of mineral crystals through a lithified substrate. The decomposition of organic material has been suggested as the driving force for the crystal migration, but has yet to be rigorously tested. AIT may hold potential as a biosignature for investigating early life on Earth if the associated organic material can be shown to be biological. This paper attempts to test the formation mechanism and biogenicity of AIT from the c. 3400 Ma Strelley Pool sandstone of Western Australia using NanoSIMS technology. In doing so, we demonstrate the unique ability of the NanoSIMS to combine sub-micron scale imaging with in situ chemical and isotopic data, thereby enhancing our ability to evaluate the biogenicity criteria for Archaean microstructures. Enrichments of a suite of major elements (C, N, P, S) and trace elements (Co, Fe, Ni, Zn), often associated with biological processes, are found within several AIT in this sandstone. C and N enrichments are most common along AIT margins, and correlate with depletions of Si, O, Ca and Mg, indicating that this material is indeed organic in nature. δ^sup 13^C values of this carbonaceous material average -26[per thousand]. Petrographic observations show that some of the AIT occur in the centre of detrital sandstone grains where they were sealed from later fluid flow and therefore preserve primary Archaean (bio)geochemistry. In contrast, AIT found around the outer edges of sandstone grains may contain more recent organic material introduced by later fluid migration and are an unreliable biosignature. Using the petrographic and geochemical data a multi-stage model for AIT formation and subsequent diagenetic modification is proposed. The possible sources of the primary organic material are discussed and we conclude that the data are consistent with a biological origin for these AIT. An abiogenic origin is more difficult to sustain but cannot yet be completely excluded for AIT in general.

AB - Ambient inclusion trails (AIT) are enigmatic microtubular structures created by the migration of mineral crystals through a lithified substrate. The decomposition of organic material has been suggested as the driving force for the crystal migration, but has yet to be rigorously tested. AIT may hold potential as a biosignature for investigating early life on Earth if the associated organic material can be shown to be biological. This paper attempts to test the formation mechanism and biogenicity of AIT from the c. 3400 Ma Strelley Pool sandstone of Western Australia using NanoSIMS technology. In doing so, we demonstrate the unique ability of the NanoSIMS to combine sub-micron scale imaging with in situ chemical and isotopic data, thereby enhancing our ability to evaluate the biogenicity criteria for Archaean microstructures. Enrichments of a suite of major elements (C, N, P, S) and trace elements (Co, Fe, Ni, Zn), often associated with biological processes, are found within several AIT in this sandstone. C and N enrichments are most common along AIT margins, and correlate with depletions of Si, O, Ca and Mg, indicating that this material is indeed organic in nature. δ^sup 13^C values of this carbonaceous material average -26[per thousand]. Petrographic observations show that some of the AIT occur in the centre of detrital sandstone grains where they were sealed from later fluid flow and therefore preserve primary Archaean (bio)geochemistry. In contrast, AIT found around the outer edges of sandstone grains may contain more recent organic material introduced by later fluid migration and are an unreliable biosignature. Using the petrographic and geochemical data a multi-stage model for AIT formation and subsequent diagenetic modification is proposed. The possible sources of the primary organic material are discussed and we conclude that the data are consistent with a biological origin for these AIT. An abiogenic origin is more difficult to sustain but cannot yet be completely excluded for AIT in general.

U2 - 10.1144/0016-76492007-032

DO - 10.1144/0016-76492007-032

M3 - Article

VL - 165

SP - 43

EP - 53

JO - Journal of the Geological Society, London

JF - Journal of the Geological Society, London

SN - 0016-7649

IS - 1

ER -