Use of a bounding surface model for predicting element tests and capacity of simple surface footings

Anamitra Roy, Shiao Huey Chow, Conleth O'Loughlin, Mark Randolph, Scott Whyte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The paper examines the merit of a two surface plasticity model through an optimised calibration procedure and assesses the model performance in capturing the response at both element and system level. The governing equations are based essentially on the parent two surface plasticity model developed by Dafalias and Manzari (2004) with some simple yet practical changes to enable realistic predictions for monotonic loading along different load paths. This is achieved by scaling the influence of state parameter based on a normalised measure of anisotropy, thus leading to suitable change in dilatancy and plastic modulus for different loading directions. The paper presents a simple optimisation technique for calibrating the model parameters, providing an objective approach to reduce the uncertainties in parameter determination that leads to good agreement with responses measured in drained and undrained triaxial tests. The model has also been implemented for the boundary value problem of a buried circular plate anchor and a surface circular footing. Comparisons of the simulated responses with those measured in centrifuge tests demonstrate the potential of the model, whilst also pointing to the challenges in capturing the global response at all strain levels, even for rather simple boundary value problems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)782-799
Number of pages18
JournalCanadian Geotechnical Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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