Background-20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) is a cytochrome P450 (omega-hydroxylase) metabolite of arachidonic acid with vasoconstrictor activity that may be involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension. In humans, there are few data relating 20-HETE to vascular pathophysiology. This study aimed to determine whether urinary 20-HETE excretion is related to blood pressure or vascular endothelial function in humans.Methods and Results-Sixty-six subjects ( 37 males, 29 females), including 29 with untreated hypertension, had urinary 20-HETE excretion measured by gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry. There was no significant difference for 20-HETE excretion between hypertensive and normotensive subjects. 20-HETE excretion was positively related to body mass index and sodium excretion. There was a significant inverse association between urinary 20-HETE and endothelium-dependent vasodilation measured by flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery (P = 0.006). There was no association with vasodilator responses to nitroglycerin. In multiple regression analysis, 20-HETE remained an independent predictor of endothelium-dependent vasodilation after adjustment for age, body mass index, and blood pressure. When gender was included in the model, the relationship between 20-HETE and flow-mediated dilation was attenuated. Separate analysis by gender revealed that in women, hypertensive subjects had significantly higher 20-HETE excretion than normotensive subjects, but this was not seen in men. In women, 20-HETE was positively related to diastolic and systolic blood pressure. In men, 20-HETE was positively related to body mass index.Conclusions-This is the first demonstration of an association between 20-HETE excretion and in vivo vascular function in humans. Given the negative modulatory role of nitric oxide on omega-hydroxylase, the present results suggest a potentially important role for 20-HETE in human vascular physiology.
|Publication status||Published - 2004|