This work evaluated the immobilization of uranium (U) through incorporation into calcite under reduced and oxidized conditions. We investigated how much U could be entrapped by calcite crystallizing in chloride solutions in autoclaves at temperatures from 162 to 300 °C. The oxidation state of U was set by controlling oxygen fugacity via redox buffers. Uranium was introduced into calcite growth media as a solid oxide compound or U aliquot. We found the uptake of tetravalent U by calcite is higher than that of hexavalent U by up to four orders of magnitude. We estimate that crystallization of a few mg of calcite immobilizes all dissolved U when 1 kg of solution is saturated with UO2 under reduced hydrothermal conditions.