Unravelling the Road to Recovery: Mechanisms of Wnt Signalling in Spinal Cord Injury

Suchita Ganesan, Arun Dharmarajan, G Sudhir, Lakshmi R Perumalsamy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a complex neurodegenerative pathology that consistently harbours a poor prognostic outcome. At present, there are few therapeutic strategies that can halt neuronal cell death and facilitate functional motor recovery. However, recent studies have highlighted the Wnt pathway as a key promoter of axon regeneration following central nervous system (CNS) injuries. Emerging evidence also suggests that the temporal dysregulation of Wnt may drive cell death post-SCI. A major challenge in SCI treatment resides in developing therapeutics that can effectively target inflammation and facilitate glial scar repair. Before Wnt signalling is exploited for SCI therapy, further research is needed to clarify the implications of Wnt on neuroinflammation during chronic stages of injury. In this review, an attempt is made to dissect the impact of canonical and non-canonical Wnt pathways in relation to individual aspects of glial and fibrotic scar formation. Furthermore, it is also highlighted how modulating Wnt activity at chronic time points may aid in limiting lesion expansion and promoting axonal repair.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Neurobiology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Feb 2024

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