Ultra-low voltage adenine based gas sensor to detect H2 and NH3 at room temperature: First-principles paradigm

Debarati Dey Roy, Pradipta Roy, Manash Chanda, Debashis De

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    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The molecular system-level detection of H2 and NH3 gas using an electrically doped Adenine bio-molecular gas sensor has been proposed and investigated using Density Functional Theory (DFT) combined with Non-Equilibrium Green's Function (NEGF) formalisms. First-principles calculations were applied and the structures and electronic properties of the Adenine gas sensor have calculated. This sensor reveals that the current-voltage response and conductivity of the bio-molecules increased evidently after the adsorption of these gas molecules. The Adenine sensor offers approximately 1800 times and 3300 times better current response during H2 and NH3 adsorption respectively. The significant gap between Highest Occupied Molecular Orbital (HOMO) and Lowest Un-occupied Molecular Orbital (LUMO) indicates the system's thermodynamic stability. Therefore, we hope that the Adenine monolayer could be a room temperature H2 and NH3 sensor with high selectivity and sensitivity and fast response and recovery time. Therefore, we hope that the Adenine monolayer will be a good candidate forH2 and NH3 work-function-type gas sensors.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4931-4941
    Number of pages11
    JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
    Volume48
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2023

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