Ullucus virus C, a newly recognised comovirus infecting Ullucus tuberosus (Basellaceae)

A. A. BRUNT, R. J. BARTON, Sue Phillips, R. A.C. JONES

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ullucus virus C (UVC) is a comovirus prevalent in Ullucus tuberosus grown at high altitudes in the Bolivian and Peruvian Andes. It was transmitted mechanically to U. tuberosus (Basellaceae) and to five of 26 species from three of eight other families, infecting U. tuberosus symptomlessly but inducing conspicuous systemic infection in Chenopodium amaranticolor and C. quinoa. Sap from infected C. quinoa was usually infective after 10 min at 70 but not 75 °C, after dilution to 10‐7 but not 10‐8, and after 8 but not 16 wk at 20 °C. UVC was not transmitted by either of two aphid species (Aphis gossypii and Myzus persicae) or through seed of C. quinoa, but it was transmitted by leaf contact between infected and healthy plants. UVC has isometric particles which, in neutral phosphotungstate, are c. 28 nm in diameter. The particles sediment as three components (T, M and B) with sedimentation coefficients (s˚20, w) of 51 S (T), 95 S (M) and 116 S (B). M component particles have a buoyant density (g cm‐3) in caesium chloride of 1.404, and B component particles separated into minor and major sub‐components with densities of 1.409 and 1.463, respectively. T, M and B particles were serologically indistinguishable, and each contained similar relative amounts of two polypeptides of mol. wts 20 700 and 45 100. T particles contained only protein, but M particles also contained c. 30% ss‐RNA of mol. wt 1–45 ×106 and B particles c. 38% ss‐RNA of mol. wt 2·2 × 106. The virus is serologically distantly related to cowpea mosaic virus but, as it showed no relationship to any of 11 other similar viruses, it is probably a distinct member of the comovirus group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Volume101
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1982
Externally publishedYes

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