U-Pb and Pb-Pb zircon ages for metamorphic rocks in the Kaoko Belt of northwestern Namibia: A palaeo-to Mesoproterozoic basement reworked during the Pan-African orogeny

S. Kroner, J. Konopasek, A. Kroner, C.W. Passchier, U. Poller, Michael Wingate, K.H. Hofmann

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    Abstract

    The Kaoko Belt belongs to the Neoproterozoic mobile belt system of western Gondwana, whose geodynamic evolution is assumed to have resulted from collision between the Congo Craton (present Africa) and the Rio de la Plata Craton (present South America). Several magmatic intrusion periods can be distinguished in the coastal area of this belt, based on conventional U-Pb, SHRIMP and Pb-Pb evaporation analyses on zircons. The prevailing igneous rock types are of granitic to tonalitic composition. A Palaeoproterozoic terrain with U-Pb magmatic emplacement ages between similar to2.03 and 1.96 Ga may be correlated with the Eburnian event (similar to1.8 to 2.0 Ga), which is widespread in Africa. Additionally, two distinct magmatic events appear to be significant in the southwestern Congo Craton in late Palaeoproterozoic and Mesoproterozoic times, indicated by magmatic ages around 1.77 Ga and between similar to1.52 and similar to1.45 Ga. These two events have so far not been reported from the Dom Feliciano Belt (southeastern Brazil), which is considered to represent the South American counterpart of the Kaoko Belt. Therefore, a possible link of these two belts prior to the Pan-African orogeny (similar to750 to similar to450 Ma) can neither be confirmed nor rejected on the basis of our data.Emplacement ages for several Pan-African granitoids, obtained by U-Pb and SHRIMP analyses, range from similar to730 to similar to655 Ma. The youngest granitoids, representing the last major magmatic activity in that area, were emplaced at similar to550 Ma during a transpressional regime at peak Pan-African temperatures.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)455-476
    JournalSouth African Journal of Geology
    Volume107
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

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    Pan African orogeny
    metamorphic rock
    zircon
    craton
    emplacement
    mobile belt
    Gondwana
    igneous rock
    geodynamics
    evaporation
    collision
    temperature

    Cite this

    @article{5c716f5cddbb4620822e31bafd310c9f,
    title = "U-Pb and Pb-Pb zircon ages for metamorphic rocks in the Kaoko Belt of northwestern Namibia: A palaeo-to Mesoproterozoic basement reworked during the Pan-African orogeny",
    abstract = "The Kaoko Belt belongs to the Neoproterozoic mobile belt system of western Gondwana, whose geodynamic evolution is assumed to have resulted from collision between the Congo Craton (present Africa) and the Rio de la Plata Craton (present South America). Several magmatic intrusion periods can be distinguished in the coastal area of this belt, based on conventional U-Pb, SHRIMP and Pb-Pb evaporation analyses on zircons. The prevailing igneous rock types are of granitic to tonalitic composition. A Palaeoproterozoic terrain with U-Pb magmatic emplacement ages between similar to2.03 and 1.96 Ga may be correlated with the Eburnian event (similar to1.8 to 2.0 Ga), which is widespread in Africa. Additionally, two distinct magmatic events appear to be significant in the southwestern Congo Craton in late Palaeoproterozoic and Mesoproterozoic times, indicated by magmatic ages around 1.77 Ga and between similar to1.52 and similar to1.45 Ga. These two events have so far not been reported from the Dom Feliciano Belt (southeastern Brazil), which is considered to represent the South American counterpart of the Kaoko Belt. Therefore, a possible link of these two belts prior to the Pan-African orogeny (similar to750 to similar to450 Ma) can neither be confirmed nor rejected on the basis of our data.Emplacement ages for several Pan-African granitoids, obtained by U-Pb and SHRIMP analyses, range from similar to730 to similar to655 Ma. The youngest granitoids, representing the last major magmatic activity in that area, were emplaced at similar to550 Ma during a transpressional regime at peak Pan-African temperatures.",
    author = "S. Kroner and J. Konopasek and A. Kroner and C.W. Passchier and U. Poller and Michael Wingate and K.H. Hofmann",
    year = "2004",
    doi = "10.2113/107.3.455",
    language = "English",
    volume = "107",
    pages = "455--476",
    journal = "South African Journal of Geology",
    issn = "1012-0750",
    publisher = "Geological Society of South Africa/Geologiese Vereniging van Suid-Afrika",
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    U-Pb and Pb-Pb zircon ages for metamorphic rocks in the Kaoko Belt of northwestern Namibia: A palaeo-to Mesoproterozoic basement reworked during the Pan-African orogeny. / Kroner, S.; Konopasek, J.; Kroner, A.; Passchier, C.W.; Poller, U.; Wingate, Michael; Hofmann, K.H.

    In: South African Journal of Geology, Vol. 107, No. 3, 2004, p. 455-476.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - U-Pb and Pb-Pb zircon ages for metamorphic rocks in the Kaoko Belt of northwestern Namibia: A palaeo-to Mesoproterozoic basement reworked during the Pan-African orogeny

    AU - Kroner, S.

    AU - Konopasek, J.

    AU - Kroner, A.

    AU - Passchier, C.W.

    AU - Poller, U.

    AU - Wingate, Michael

    AU - Hofmann, K.H.

    PY - 2004

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    N2 - The Kaoko Belt belongs to the Neoproterozoic mobile belt system of western Gondwana, whose geodynamic evolution is assumed to have resulted from collision between the Congo Craton (present Africa) and the Rio de la Plata Craton (present South America). Several magmatic intrusion periods can be distinguished in the coastal area of this belt, based on conventional U-Pb, SHRIMP and Pb-Pb evaporation analyses on zircons. The prevailing igneous rock types are of granitic to tonalitic composition. A Palaeoproterozoic terrain with U-Pb magmatic emplacement ages between similar to2.03 and 1.96 Ga may be correlated with the Eburnian event (similar to1.8 to 2.0 Ga), which is widespread in Africa. Additionally, two distinct magmatic events appear to be significant in the southwestern Congo Craton in late Palaeoproterozoic and Mesoproterozoic times, indicated by magmatic ages around 1.77 Ga and between similar to1.52 and similar to1.45 Ga. These two events have so far not been reported from the Dom Feliciano Belt (southeastern Brazil), which is considered to represent the South American counterpart of the Kaoko Belt. Therefore, a possible link of these two belts prior to the Pan-African orogeny (similar to750 to similar to450 Ma) can neither be confirmed nor rejected on the basis of our data.Emplacement ages for several Pan-African granitoids, obtained by U-Pb and SHRIMP analyses, range from similar to730 to similar to655 Ma. The youngest granitoids, representing the last major magmatic activity in that area, were emplaced at similar to550 Ma during a transpressional regime at peak Pan-African temperatures.

    AB - The Kaoko Belt belongs to the Neoproterozoic mobile belt system of western Gondwana, whose geodynamic evolution is assumed to have resulted from collision between the Congo Craton (present Africa) and the Rio de la Plata Craton (present South America). Several magmatic intrusion periods can be distinguished in the coastal area of this belt, based on conventional U-Pb, SHRIMP and Pb-Pb evaporation analyses on zircons. The prevailing igneous rock types are of granitic to tonalitic composition. A Palaeoproterozoic terrain with U-Pb magmatic emplacement ages between similar to2.03 and 1.96 Ga may be correlated with the Eburnian event (similar to1.8 to 2.0 Ga), which is widespread in Africa. Additionally, two distinct magmatic events appear to be significant in the southwestern Congo Craton in late Palaeoproterozoic and Mesoproterozoic times, indicated by magmatic ages around 1.77 Ga and between similar to1.52 and similar to1.45 Ga. These two events have so far not been reported from the Dom Feliciano Belt (southeastern Brazil), which is considered to represent the South American counterpart of the Kaoko Belt. Therefore, a possible link of these two belts prior to the Pan-African orogeny (similar to750 to similar to450 Ma) can neither be confirmed nor rejected on the basis of our data.Emplacement ages for several Pan-African granitoids, obtained by U-Pb and SHRIMP analyses, range from similar to730 to similar to655 Ma. The youngest granitoids, representing the last major magmatic activity in that area, were emplaced at similar to550 Ma during a transpressional regime at peak Pan-African temperatures.

    U2 - 10.2113/107.3.455

    DO - 10.2113/107.3.455

    M3 - Article

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    SP - 455

    EP - 476

    JO - South African Journal of Geology

    JF - South African Journal of Geology

    SN - 1012-0750

    IS - 3

    ER -