Types, sources, socioeconomic impacts, and control strategies of environmental noise: a review

Zia Ur Rahman Farooqi, Iftikhar Ahmad, Allah Ditta, Predrag Ilic, Muhammad Amin, Abdul Basit Naveed, Aadil Gulzar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Noise exposure has reached an alarming degree over the years because of rapid growth in the industry, transportation, and urbanization. Therefore, it is a dire need to provide awareness of the sources and mitigation strategies of noise, and to highlight the health, and socio-economic impacts of noise. A few research studies have documented this emerging issue; however, there is no comprehensive document describing all types of noise, their impacts on living organisms, and control strategies. This review article summarizes the sources of noise; their effects on industrial workers, citizens, and animals; and the value of property in noisy areas. The plethora of literature is showing an increased level of noise in various cities of the world, which have various health consequences such as high blood pressure, insomnia, nausea, heart attack, exhaustion, dizziness, headache, and triggered hearing loss. Apart from humans, noise also affects animal habitat, preying, and reproduction ability; increases heart rate and hearing loss to even death and loss in property value; and impairs the hospital environment. Finally, we have discussed the possible strategies to mitigate the noise problem, policy statements, and regulations to be followed, with future research directions based on the identified research gaps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81087-81111
Number of pages25
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Issue number54
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


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