Two Cycles of Recurrent Selection Lead to Simultaneous Improvement in Black Spot Resistance and Stem Strength in Field Pea

Cameron Beeck, Janet Wroth, Duane Falk, Tanveer Khan, Wallace Cowling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Susceptibility to black spot [caused by Mycosphaerella pinodes (Berk. and Blox.) Vestergr] and weak stem strength in field pea (Pisum sativum L.) are major restrictions to yield, seed quality, and ease of harvest. Previous studies have established that additive genetic variance is present for both traits, and that stem strength is strongly associated with a field test of compressed stem thickness at the base of the stem. This study aimed to improve these two complex traits simultaneously by recurrent selection. Heritabilities and responses to selection for resistance to black spot and stem strength were evaluated during two cycles of recurrent selection after intercrossing diverse genotypes. Response to selection was indicated by a reduction of 10% in the mean black spot leaf disease in the F-2 of cycle 2 compared with the F-2 of cycle 1, when considered as a percentage of the mean of cycle 1 parents in the same trials. Likewise, there was a 15% increase in stem strength, based on the mean compressed stem thickness in the F-2 of cycle 2 compared with the F-2 of cycle 1. Broad sense heritability for resistance to black spot leaf disease was moderate (H = 0.63 +/- 0.35 across cycles 1 and 2) and for compressed stem thickness was also moderate (H = 0.66 +/- 0.34). Genetic gains were realized for both traits simultaneously in the first two cycles and were predicted to be rapid over the next five to six cycles based on a random mating quantitative genetics model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2235-2244
JournalCrop Science
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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recurrent selection
peas
stems
foliar diseases
heritability
Mycosphaerella pinodes
random mating
quantitative genetics
seed quality
genetic variance
Pisum sativum
genetic improvement
genotype

Cite this

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title = "Two Cycles of Recurrent Selection Lead to Simultaneous Improvement in Black Spot Resistance and Stem Strength in Field Pea",
abstract = "Susceptibility to black spot [caused by Mycosphaerella pinodes (Berk. and Blox.) Vestergr] and weak stem strength in field pea (Pisum sativum L.) are major restrictions to yield, seed quality, and ease of harvest. Previous studies have established that additive genetic variance is present for both traits, and that stem strength is strongly associated with a field test of compressed stem thickness at the base of the stem. This study aimed to improve these two complex traits simultaneously by recurrent selection. Heritabilities and responses to selection for resistance to black spot and stem strength were evaluated during two cycles of recurrent selection after intercrossing diverse genotypes. Response to selection was indicated by a reduction of 10{\%} in the mean black spot leaf disease in the F-2 of cycle 2 compared with the F-2 of cycle 1, when considered as a percentage of the mean of cycle 1 parents in the same trials. Likewise, there was a 15{\%} increase in stem strength, based on the mean compressed stem thickness in the F-2 of cycle 2 compared with the F-2 of cycle 1. Broad sense heritability for resistance to black spot leaf disease was moderate (H = 0.63 +/- 0.35 across cycles 1 and 2) and for compressed stem thickness was also moderate (H = 0.66 +/- 0.34). Genetic gains were realized for both traits simultaneously in the first two cycles and were predicted to be rapid over the next five to six cycles based on a random mating quantitative genetics model.",
author = "Cameron Beeck and Janet Wroth and Duane Falk and Tanveer Khan and Wallace Cowling",
year = "2008",
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language = "English",
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publisher = "Crop Science Society of America",
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}

Two Cycles of Recurrent Selection Lead to Simultaneous Improvement in Black Spot Resistance and Stem Strength in Field Pea. / Beeck, Cameron; Wroth, Janet; Falk, Duane; Khan, Tanveer; Cowling, Wallace.

In: Crop Science, Vol. 48, No. 6, 2008, p. 2235-2244.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Two Cycles of Recurrent Selection Lead to Simultaneous Improvement in Black Spot Resistance and Stem Strength in Field Pea

AU - Beeck, Cameron

AU - Wroth, Janet

AU - Falk, Duane

AU - Khan, Tanveer

AU - Cowling, Wallace

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Susceptibility to black spot [caused by Mycosphaerella pinodes (Berk. and Blox.) Vestergr] and weak stem strength in field pea (Pisum sativum L.) are major restrictions to yield, seed quality, and ease of harvest. Previous studies have established that additive genetic variance is present for both traits, and that stem strength is strongly associated with a field test of compressed stem thickness at the base of the stem. This study aimed to improve these two complex traits simultaneously by recurrent selection. Heritabilities and responses to selection for resistance to black spot and stem strength were evaluated during two cycles of recurrent selection after intercrossing diverse genotypes. Response to selection was indicated by a reduction of 10% in the mean black spot leaf disease in the F-2 of cycle 2 compared with the F-2 of cycle 1, when considered as a percentage of the mean of cycle 1 parents in the same trials. Likewise, there was a 15% increase in stem strength, based on the mean compressed stem thickness in the F-2 of cycle 2 compared with the F-2 of cycle 1. Broad sense heritability for resistance to black spot leaf disease was moderate (H = 0.63 +/- 0.35 across cycles 1 and 2) and for compressed stem thickness was also moderate (H = 0.66 +/- 0.34). Genetic gains were realized for both traits simultaneously in the first two cycles and were predicted to be rapid over the next five to six cycles based on a random mating quantitative genetics model.

AB - Susceptibility to black spot [caused by Mycosphaerella pinodes (Berk. and Blox.) Vestergr] and weak stem strength in field pea (Pisum sativum L.) are major restrictions to yield, seed quality, and ease of harvest. Previous studies have established that additive genetic variance is present for both traits, and that stem strength is strongly associated with a field test of compressed stem thickness at the base of the stem. This study aimed to improve these two complex traits simultaneously by recurrent selection. Heritabilities and responses to selection for resistance to black spot and stem strength were evaluated during two cycles of recurrent selection after intercrossing diverse genotypes. Response to selection was indicated by a reduction of 10% in the mean black spot leaf disease in the F-2 of cycle 2 compared with the F-2 of cycle 1, when considered as a percentage of the mean of cycle 1 parents in the same trials. Likewise, there was a 15% increase in stem strength, based on the mean compressed stem thickness in the F-2 of cycle 2 compared with the F-2 of cycle 1. Broad sense heritability for resistance to black spot leaf disease was moderate (H = 0.63 +/- 0.35 across cycles 1 and 2) and for compressed stem thickness was also moderate (H = 0.66 +/- 0.34). Genetic gains were realized for both traits simultaneously in the first two cycles and were predicted to be rapid over the next five to six cycles based on a random mating quantitative genetics model.

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