Turfgrass education, research and information in Australia: History, development and implications

D. S. Loch, D. E. Aldous, P. E. McMaugh, T. D. Colmer, P. M. Martin, P. G. Ford, J. J. Neylan, D. H. Burrup, F. L. Dempsey

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

Abstract

The modern Australian turfgrass industry developed from the period between World Wars I and II, in response to increasing urbanisation and construction of more sophisticated, higher quality sporting facilities. Its development intensified from the 1960s onwards with selection of the first widely used local varieties and import of new US-bred greens hybrids. This timetable, together with its underlying drivers, is similar to that in other developed countries in North America, Europe and southern Africa. However, supporting turfgrass education and research have developed very differently in Australia. Vocational greenkeeper training started in the 1940s with instructors from the NSW agriculture department, but moved into the Technical and Further Education (TAFE) system in the 1950s and has developed from there in all states. University-based training at post-graduate, and now undergraduate, level has become more available in the past 20-30 years, but is still a relatively small component within the overall tertiary education sector for agriculture and environmental science. In Australia, food-and fibre-based industries have been backed by strong, stable government research for over 100 years, in contrast to turfgrass (and lifestyle horticulture generally) where formal research support from state government departments has been limited, sporadic and lacked continuity. University research initiated in the past 20-30 years remains limited but is increasing in response to industry funding. Research into specific turfgrass problems has also been conducted over the past 50-80 years by private industry-funded providers, which have come and gone at regular intervals. Australia lacks a numerically strong nucleus of technically competent scientists and educators to provide independent advice to the turfgrass industry. The implications of this in terms of the quality of information accessed by practitioners are explored.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationActa Horticulturae
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the III International Conference on Turfgrass Management and Science for Sports Fields
EditorsP.A. Nektarios , K.W. McAuliffe
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages9-17
Number of pages9
Volume1122
ISBN (Electronic)9789462611269
ISBN (Print)9789462611269
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Oct 2016
EventXXIX International Horticultural Congress: IHC2014: International Symposium on Micropropagation and In Vitro Techniques - Australia, Brisbane , Australia
Duration: 17 Aug 201422 Aug 2014

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume1122
ISSN (Print)05677572

Conference

ConferenceXXIX International Horticultural Congress: IHC2014
CountryAustralia
CityBrisbane
Period17/08/1422/08/14

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    Loch, D. S., Aldous, D. E., McMaugh, P. E., Colmer, T. D., Martin, P. M., Ford, P. G., Neylan, J. J., Burrup, D. H., & Dempsey, F. L. (2016). Turfgrass education, research and information in Australia: History, development and implications. In P. A. Nektarios , & K. W. McAuliffe (Eds.), Acta Horticulturae: Proceedings of the III International Conference on Turfgrass Management and Science for Sports Fields (Vol. 1122, pp. 9-17). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 1122). International Society for Horticultural Science. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1122.2