Turf culture under declining volume and frequency of irrigation on a sandy soil amended with fly ash

S.M. Pathan, L.A.G. Aylmore, Tim Colmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of four rates (0, 5, 10 and 20%, wt/wt) of fly ash amendment in a sandy soil (top 100-120 mm) on soil properties, turf (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers., cv. Wintergreen) water relations, growth and colour, were assessed during 84 days of irrigation treatments (irrigated daily, every 3(rd) day, or every 4(th) day) imposed during summer in a Mediterranean-type climate. In plots irrigated at 40% of net evaporation summed and applied every 3(rd) day, (i) soil water contents were 14-33% higher in the fly ash amended soil zone when compared to values in plots with non-amended soil; (ii) soil water content below the root zone (i.e., 1500 mm) during that period remained low (being only 1-2% above the permanent wilting point), indicating minimal, if any, deep drainage. Extractable soil P was 2.0- to 3.8-fold higher in the fly ash amended soil compared to non-amended soil. By contrast extractable P was 1.7- to 2.1-fold higher in the soil 100-500 mm below the surface in non-amended plots, compared with fly ash amended plots. Irrigation at 40% replacement of net evaporation summed and applied every 3(rd) day did not adversely impact on turf growth or colour, when compared to plots irrigated daily, irrespective of fly ash treatments. However. extending irrigations (at 40% of net evaporation) to every 4(th) day reduced turf growth and colour, but the turf recovered fully from the mild water stress within 21 days of being irrigated daily at 100% replacement of net evaporation. Therefore, 40% replacement of net evaporation summed and applied every 3(rd) day was a suitable watering schedule for maintenance of turf, with minimal risks of deep drainage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-369
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume266
Issue number1/2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Turf culture under declining volume and frequency of irrigation on a sandy soil amended with fly ash'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this