Tuberculosis of the central nervous system: Overview of neuroradiological findings

A. Bernaerts, F. M. Vanhoenacker, P. M. Parizel, J. W.M. Van Goethem, R. van Altena, A. Laridon, J. De Roeck, V. Coeman, A. M. De Schepper

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Abstract

This article presents the range of manifestations of tuberculosis (TB) of the craniospinal axis. Central nervous system (CNS) infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis occurs either in a diffuse form as basal exudative leptomeningitis or in a localized form as tuberculoma, abscess, or cerebritis. In addition to an extensive review of computed tomography and magnetic resonance features, the pathogenesis and the relevant clinical setting are discussed. Modern imaging is a cornerstone in the early diagnosis of CNS tuberculosis and may prevent unnecessary morbidity and mortality. Contrast-enhanced MR imaging is generally considered as the modality of choice in the detection and assessment of CNS tuberculosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1876-1890
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2003
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Bernaerts, A., Vanhoenacker, F. M., Parizel, P. M., Van Goethem, J. W. M., van Altena, R., Laridon, A., De Roeck, J., Coeman, V., & De Schepper, A. M. (2003). Tuberculosis of the central nervous system: Overview of neuroradiological findings. European Radiology, 13(8), 1876-1890. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-002-1608-7