Triptolide inhibits osteoclast formation, bone resorption, RANKL-mediated NF-қB activation and titanium particle-induced osteolysis in a mouse model

Jianbin Huang, Lin Zhou, Huafei Wu, Nathan Pavlos, Shek Chim, Qian Liu, J. Zhao, W. Xue, R. Tan, J. Ye, Estabelle Ang, Hao Tian Feng, Jennifer Tickner, Jiake Xu, Y. Ding, Jun Xu

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Abstract

© 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. The RANKL-induced NF-κB signaling pathway is required for osteoclast formation and function. By screening for compounds that inhibit RANKL-induced NF-κB activation using a luciferase reporter gene assay in RAW264.7 cells, we identified triptolide (PG490), as a candidate compound targeting osteoclast differentiation and osteoclast-mediated osteolysis. Triptolide (PG490) is an active compound of the medicinal herb Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TWHF) or Lei Gong Teng with known anti-inflammatory properties. We found that triptolide inhibited osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption, as well as RANKL-induced NF-қB activities as monitored by luciferase reporter gene assays and the nuclear translocation of p65. In vivo studies showed that triptolide attenuates titanium-induced osteolysis and osteoclast formation in a mouse calvarial model. Considering that drugs which protect against localized bone loss are critically needed for the effective treatment of particle-induced osteolysis, our data suggest that triptolide might have therapeutic potential for the treatment of bone lytic diseases caused by prosthetic wear particles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-353
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume399
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2015

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