Trends in smoking during pregnancy stratified by the use of opioid agonist therapy and the contribution of smoking to poor outcome in neonates prenatally exposed to opioid agonist treatment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

High rates of cigarette smoking have been observed in pregnant women on opioid agonist therapy (OAT). However, it is unclear if these rates have changed overtime in line with the general population and the degree to which smoking contributes to poor outcomes in neonates born to women on OAT. Women who gave birth in Western Australia (WA) between 2003 and 2018 were identified from whole-population midwives records. Linked records were used to identify women who had been dispensed OAT during pregnancy and those who had smoking during pregnancy. Temporal changes in smoking during pregnancy were examined for women on OAT (n = 1059) and women not on OAT (n = 397,175) using Joinpoint regression. In women treated with OAT during pregnancy, neonatal outcomes were compared between smoking and non-smoking women using generalised linear models. During the study period, 76.3% of women on OAT smoked during pregnancy compared with 12.0% of the general population. There was a decrease in the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy among women not on OAT (APC: − 5.7, 95%CI: − 6.3, − 5.2), but not in women on OAT (APC: 0.8, 95%CI: − 0.4, 2.1). For women receiving OAT, smoking was associated with an increased odds of low birth weight (OR: 1.57, 95%CI: 1.06, 2.32) and neonatal abstinence syndrome (OR: 1.34, 95%CI: 1.01, 1.78) compared with non-smoking. Despite reductions in the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy in the general population, similar reductions have not occurred in pregnant women on OAT. The high prevalence of smoking in pregnant women on OAT is contributing to poor neonatal outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-548
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Women's Mental Health
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Trends in smoking during pregnancy stratified by the use of opioid agonist therapy and the contribution of smoking to poor outcome in neonates prenatally exposed to opioid agonist treatment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this