Projects per year
Transverse vortex-induced vibrations (VIVs) of a near-wall cylinder under oblique flows are studied experimentally in a water flume for both increasing and decreasing velocities. The VIV responses and the wake flow patterns around the cylinder are measured with a synchronous measurement system and a PIV. The validity of the Independence Principle (IP) for a cylinder in proximity to a wall is examined in terms of the vibration amplitude, frequency and critical normal reduced velocity. The results show that the combinations of the gap ratio and oblique angle have significant effect on the VIV response of a circular cylinder. The IP is found to be valid in predicting the VIV response for small oblique angles (θ≤30°) and large gap ratios (e/D≥0.8) whereas for large oblique angles (θ>30°) or small gap ratios (e/D<0.8), the deviations from the IP are pronounced. The upper and lower critical normal reduced velocities for the onset of VIV are obtained for both increasing and decreasing velocities. Empirical relationships between the correction factor of the critical normal reduced velocity and gap ratio and the oblique angles (θ≤45°) are established. Based on the analyses of the wake flow patterns obtained by PIV, it is found that the difference in the onset of VIV for increasing and decreasing velocities corresponds to different vortex shedding modes at the initial branch: the 2S vortex shedding mode for increasing velocity and the C(2S) mode for decreasing velocity.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Journal of Fluids and Structures|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2017|