The Australian health workforce is facing a shortage of senior nurses in critical care, resulting in an increased number of junior staff. The level of support for these nurses currently appears to be inadequate when they move to critical care within hospitals. This study Investigated ways in which the transition process might be enhanced. A Delphi study was performed in order to identify the requirements of effective transition to a new environment. It is recommended that novice nurses are educated in relation to knowledge, skills and behaviour, to increase their levels of competence and confidence, thereby enhancing patient outcomes.