Transforming growth factor-b induces collagen synthesis without inducing IL-8 production in mesothelial cells

Y.C.G. Lee, K.B. Lane, O. Zoia, Philip Thompson, R.W. Light, T.S. Blackwell

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    40 Citations (Scopus)


    Conventional pleurodesing agents often provoke acute pleural inflammation followed by fibrosis. The inflammation frequently causes pain and fever. Transforming growth factor (TGF)‐β is a pro-fibrotic but anti-inflammatory cytokine. Intrapleural TGF‐β2 administration produces effective pleurodesis in animals, but its effects on mesothelial cells are unknown. The authors hypothesised that, unlike conventional pleurodesing agents, TGF‐β2 can induce collagen synthesis without stimulating pleural inflammation.In the in vitro studies, TGF‐β2, talc and doxycycline were administered to rabbit mesothelial cells for 24 h. These agents were also injected intrapleurally in rabbits and the induced pleural fluids collected at 24 h. TGF‐β2 was as potent as talc and doxycycline in upregulating mesothelial cell collagen expression.Talc and doxycycline both induced significant increases in interleukin (IL)‐8 production from mesothelial cells in vitro and in rabbit pleural fluids in vivo. TGF‐β2, however, did not stimulate mesothelial cell IL‐8 release in vitro and induced a dose-dependent suppression of pleural fluid IL‐8. Pleural fluid IL‐8 levels correlated significantly with leukocyte and lactate dehydrogenase concentrations in the fluids.In summary, transforming growth factor‐β was a potent inducer of mesothelial cell collagen synthesis. Unlike talc and tetracycline, which provoked pleural inflammation, transforming growth factor‐β2 suppressed pleural inflammation in vivo. Transforming growth factor‐β2 can produce effective pleural fibrosis without necessitating acute pleural inflammation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)197-202
    JournalThe European Respiratory Journal
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2003


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