Transcriptome Analyses of Near Isogenic Lines Reveal Putative Drought Tolerance Controlling Genes in Wheat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Drought stress, especially at the grain-filling stage, is a major constraint for wheat production. Drought tolerance is a complex trait controlled by a large array of genes and pathways. This study conducted gene expression profiling on two pairs of near-isogenic lines (NILs) for an important qDSI.4B.1 QTL conferring drought tolerance on the short arm of chromosome 4B in wheat. Analysis showed 1,614 genome-wide differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the tolerant and susceptible isolines in both NIL pairs. Six common DEGs were found between NIL1 and NIL2 at both 7 and 14 days after stress induction, with two of them having single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) variants. These six genes that were confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) expression analysis are considered candidate genes for drought tolerance mediated by qDSI.4B.1 QTL with their main contributions to gene regulation, cell elongation, protein quality control, secondary metabolism, and hormone signaling. These six candidate genes and the highest number of DEGs and variants (SNPs/indels) were located between 49 and 137 Mbp of 4BS, making this interval the most probable location for the qDSI.4B.1 locus. Additionally, 765 and 84 DEGs were detected as responsive genes to drought stress in tolerant and susceptible isolines, respectively. According to gene ontology (GO), protein phosphorylation, oxidation reduction, and regulation of transcription were top biological processes involved in the drought response and tolerance. These results provide insights into stress responses regulated by the 4BS locus and have identified candidate genes and genetic markers that can be used for fine mapping of the qDSI.4B.1 locus and, ultimately, in wheat breeding programs for drought tolerance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number857829
Number of pages20
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Transcriptome Analyses of Near Isogenic Lines Reveal Putative Drought Tolerance Controlling Genes in Wheat'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this